GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Architecture / Gaudí

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ANTONI GAUDÍ I CORNET   (1852-1926)

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 GAUDÍ - The man - Biographic synthesis
Extended biography:   Birth and childhood    Gaudí's Ancestry    Education and early professional live    Architectural studies come to an end    Professional beginnings    Gaudí's private life    A time of plenty    Final years 
Chronology    Influences    Gaudí's Political and Patriotic Sentiment    Gaudí's friends    Gaudí's collaborators
 The work Architectonic work:   In  Catalonia   Out of Catalonia
Characterístic styles:   Early period    Mudèjar-Moorish    Evolving Gothic    Expressionist Naturalism    Organic Synthesis
Technical aspects:   Gaudí's architectural technologie Geometrie and mechanics
Decorative aspects:   Ceramics    Furniture    Iron and other metals    Stained glasses
 Sources and other information Links    Bibliography    Bookshop on Gaudí    Other Catalan Art Nouveau architects 
 

Works:

In Barcelona:
Bellesguard

Eduard Calvet House
Batlló House
Vicens House
Santa Teresa School
Sagrada Família Schools

La Pedrera
Güell Pavilions
Güell Palace

Park Güell
Sagrada Família
    
Miralles Property Fence

In La Pobla de Lillet:
Catllaràs Villa  
Artigas Gardens  

In Mataró:
Workers Cooperative

In Montserrat:
Monumental rosary (1st mistery of Glory)

In Santa Coloma de Cervelló:
Colònia Güell Crypt  

In Garraf (Sitges):
Güell Cellars

Out of Catalonia:
Botines House
(León-Spain)
El Capricho
(Cantabria-Spain)
Episcopal Palace (Astorga-Spain)

Gaudí Portrait

Life (See also Chronology):
Gaudí was the greatest figure of the Art Nouveau movement in Catalonia known as "Modernisme". His works are famous all over the world.
Born in Reus (Baix Camp, Catalonia) on June 25, 1852, his schooldays were spent  in the Escoles Pies at Reus. After leaving the school, he went to Barcelona where he studied at the Institut d'Ensenyament Mitja and in the Sciences Faculty of Barcelona University.
He graduated as architect in 1878.
Almost his entire professional activity took place in Barcelona, where the greater part of his work is found.
The social circumstances he lived, a period with a strong city, economic and urban development, the protection of a powerful middle class with the aim to be close to the European tendencies of this period, the development during his life of the "Renaixença" (new impulse of the Catalan culture between XIX and XX century), are the base upon wich Gaudí built his incredible fantasy.

Influenced by Violet-Le-Duc and Ruskin, he was one of the main architects of Art Nouveau, where he is normally classified. However, as other big genius, it is very difficult to classify him, and some opinions classify Gaudí into other artistic tendencies. The count of Güell   Portrait

Gaudi biography is closely related to the Güell family, a family with a huge prestige in industrial and artistic circles at this time in Barcelona.
For this reason, he build for this family the Palau Güell, the Park Güell, the Colonia Güell and other works.
In addition to the residential and urban building, Gaudí activity was devoted to the construction of some religious buildings as the Sagrada Família (Holy Family Church) in Barcelona, the Crypt of the Colonia Güell in Santa Coloma de Cervelló and the school of "Santa Teresa de Ganduxer" also in Barcelona.
His global concept of architecture is the reason why, his genius is manifested not only on the front walls and external areas of buildings, but also in the interiors developed with the help of many prestigious  craftsmen. 
After some years of criticism generated by the "Noucentisme" (artistic movement opposed to Art Nouveau developed in Catalonia between 1910 and 1936), today the prestige of Gaudí is a fact accepted all around the world by specialists and people.
Antoni Gaudí died in Barcelona rolled by a tramway the 10 June of 1926

 

Gaudí Collaborators:
In order to develop his enormous architectonic work, Gaudí gathered an exceptional set of collaborators, such as architects, sculptors and craftsmen (Contractors, decorators, plasterers, specialists in forge, smelters, carpenters, glassworkers, ceramists, etc.). All of them developed in their respective specialties an enormous work that was closely supervised by Gaudí himself who had a perfection persistence that frequently forced time and time again to repeat works he considered insufficiently elaborated. Naturally and given to the time elapsed and the historical vicissitudes, much of the information had been lost, but we still can know many of these exceptional technicians and workers, some of which are mentioned next:

Architects: Craftsman:  

Francesc Berenguer i Mestres
Josep Canaleta i Cuadras
Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert 
Camil Oliveras Gensana
Joan Rubió i Bellver 
Domènec Sugrañes i Gras

Sculptors:
Joan Beltran
Jaume Busquets
Joan Flotats
Josep Llimona i Bruguera
Carles Mani i Roig
Joan Matamala i Flotats
Llorenç Matamala i Pinyol 
Rosend Nobas i Ballbé

Painters:
Alexandre de Riquer i Ynglada
Ramon Tusquets i Maignon

Building contractors:  
 
Josep Bayo i Font            
Policarpo Arias Rodriguez 
Agustí Massip
Joiners: Eudald Puntí
Julià Soley
Casas i Bardés
Ceramics:  Pujol i Bausis
Sebastià Ribó
Locks: Joan Oñós
Decorators: Gaspar Homar  
Antoni Oliva 
Francesc Vidal i Jevellí
Sadurní Vilalta i Amenós
Iron structures:  Torres Ferreria i Construccions
Iron: Germans Badía   
Lluís Badía 
Salvador Gabarró
Vallet i Piqué  
Forged iron:  Manyach 
Painters and decorators: Aleix Clapés i Puig
Marble: Taller Ventura Germans
Stained-glass: Tallers Pelegrí
Plasterers:  Joan Beltrán
 

Selected LINKS to other websites on Gaudí

- Antonio Gaudí - Great Buildings Online  Biography and basic information on Gaudí   
- gaudi  Site on some works of Gaudí 

- The Barcelona of Antoni Gaudí  A short image tour on Works of Gaudí 
- http://www.iespana.es/legislaciones/index.htm  Data base on architects including a biography of Gaudí

-
Taller de escultura L. Gueilburt - Colección ANTONI GAUDÍ  Gaudinist sculpture courses by L. Gueilburt
- Gaudí info .: MagicPhotoWorld.com :.  Touristic information about Gaudí 
- Vídeo Gaudí, arquitecte i artesà  Vídeo on Gaudí life and work   
 

Specific Bibliography on Gaudí

Title of book Author Published by Year
Gaudí: l'home, l'obra, l'anècdota Abella, Delfí Franciscàlia 1964
Guía de Gaudí Bassegoda Nonell, J. / Garrut Roma, J.M. Ediciones Literarias y Científicas 1970
Gaudí: Arquitectura del futuro Bassegoda Nonell, J. Editorial Salvat, La Caixa 1984
Gaudí Bassegoda Nonell, J Ed. de Nou Art Thor 1986
El gran Gaudí Bassegoda Nonell, J. Ausa 1989
Gaudí l'home i l'obra Bergos, J / Llimargas, M Lunwerg 1999
El Temple de la Sagrada Família Bonet Armengol, Jordi Escudo de oro 2000
Park Güell - Gaudí's utopia Carandell, JM / Vivas, P Triangle postals 1998
Gaudí dissenyador Cirici Pellicer, Alexandre Generalitat de Catalunya Dep. de Cultura / COAC 1984
Gaudí Ferrer, David Editors: ETSAB, Santa&Cole, UPC. 2002
Antoni Gaudí Güell Guix, Xavier Editorial Gustavo Gili 1990
Gaudí i el seu temps Lahuerta, J.J. Editorial Barcanova 1990
Gaudí, su vida, su teoría, su obra Martinell i Brunet, Cèsar COACB Comisión de Cultura 1967
Gaudí Navarro Arisa, J.J. Editorial Planeta 2002
El Gaudí de Barcelona Permanyer, Lluís Editorial Polígrafa 1996
La visíó artística i religiosa d'en Gaudí Pujols, Francesc Quaderns Crema 1996
Gaudí: La arquitectura como obra de arte total Ramírez, J.A. Ediciones Anaya 1992
Gaudí Sola-Morales, I. Edicions Poligrafa 1982
Gaudí. Art i Diseny Varis autors Fundació Caixa de Catalunya 2002
Antoni Gaudí Zerbst, R Taschen 1985
Gaudí Bassegoda Nonell, J Ed. de Nou Art Thor 1986
Gaudí l'home i l'obra Bergos, J / Llimargas, M Lunwerg 1999
Park Guell - Gaudi's utopia Carandell, JM / Vivas, P Triangle postals 1998
Gaudí Sola-Morales, I. Edicions Poligrafa 1982
Antoni Gaudí Zerbst, R Taschen 1985
 
Books on Gaudí

 


 
 
Other Catalan Art Nouveau Architects:
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet     Lluís Domènech i Montaner     Josep Puig i Cadafalch     Antoni Maria Gallissà i Soqué     Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert     Cèsar Martinell i Brunet     Manel Joaquim Raspall i Mallol     Joan Rubió i Bellver     Enric Sagnier i Villavecchia     Salvador Valeri i Pupurull     and others.
 

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