GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Architecture / Gaudí / Stained-glass windows

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ANTONI GAUDÍ I CORNET  (1852-1926)

Stained-glass windows

 [Català] [Castellano]
 GAUDÍ - The man - Biographic synthesis
Extended biography:   Birth and childhood    Gaudí's Ancestry    Education and early professional live    Architectural studies come to an end    Professional beginnings    Gaudí's private life    A time of plenty    Final years 
Chronology    Influences    Gaudí's Political and Patriotic Sentiment    Gaudí's friends    Gaudí's collaborators
 The work Architectonic work:   In  Catalonia   Out of Catalonia
Characterístic styles:   Early period    Mudèjar-Moorish    Evolving Gothic    Expressionist Naturalism    Organic Synthesis
Technical aspects:   Gaudí's architectural technologie Geometrie and mechanics
Decorative aspects:   Ceramics    Furniture    Iron and other metals    Stained glasses
 Sources and other information Links    Bibliography    Bookshop on Gaudí    Other Catalan Art Nouveau architects 

 
Stained glass and Glassworks in Gaudi's Work:
Stained glass of varying importance can be found in many of Gaudí’s buildings.  Gaudí’s stained glass, constructed with the most advanced techniques of the day, often has a revolutionary aesthetic and surpass the era’s normal standards.  They present an extraordinary liveliness of color while representing natural elements (like vegetables or animals) or, in the case of churches, images of saints or biblical scenes.

Palau Güell (1886-1889):
This building contains a notable quantity of stained glass designed for different uses.

 Gaudí: Palau Güell  main lounge  Gaudí: Palau Güell  Stained glass   Gaudí: Palau Güell  stained glass, with the four bars of the Catalan coat of arms
     

Sagrada Família (1889):
The following images are of the Nativity façade, seen from the exterior and interior.  Contrast these with the last image, from the Passion façade (designed after Gaudí’s death).

Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Vitrall central a la façana del Naixement vist de l'exterior.  Gaudí: Sagrada Família Vitralls del transepte de la façana del Naixement de l'interior. Sagrada Família: Vitralls del transepte costat façana de la Passió d l'interior.
     

Palma de Mallorca Cathedral:
The following stained glass windows were designed by Gaudí:
- St. Peter’s boat: window depicting a boat carrying Jesus and St. Peter, sailing over the waves.  The 334x107cm leaded glass and fired window was constructed by Eudald Amigó and Sons.

- Two stained glass windows (Regina Confessarum and Regina Virginium) and one rose window (Regina Angelorum) in the Trinity chapel made by using the technique of superimposing three panes of glass in primary colors in order to regulate the intensity of light.
One window in the Episcopal Palace there is also noteworthy: the window of the Apostle, of leaded glass and fire-glazed, by Rigalt, Granell, i Cia in 1903.

Glass at Casa Batlló (1904-1906):
Exterior and interior stained glass can be found in various doors, doorframes, skylights, and door jambs on the main floor.

 Gaudí: Casa Batlló. Glass in a window.  Gaudí: Casa Batlló glasses.  Gaudí: Casa Batlló. A door with a glass.

 Gaudí: Casa Batlló. Door with an stained glass.
 Gaudí: Casa Batlló. Glasses on the main façade.


Stained glass windows at the Colònia Güell (1898-1916):
Some very original stained glass windows illuminate the interior of the crypt. 

Gaudí: Finestrals de la Colònia Güell des de l'exterior. Gaudí: Finestrals de la Colònia Güell des de l'exterior. Gaudí: Finestrals de la Colònia Güell des de l'exterior.
     
 

Translation from the Catalan original text by Catherine P. Crowe

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