GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Architecture / Domènech i Montaner

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 On Lluís Domènech i Montaner:  Biography   Works: In Catalonia Out of Catalonia   Domènech i Montaner collaborators   
Sources and additional information:  Links   Bibliography   Books on Domènech i Montaner   Other Catalan Art Nouveau Architects
Works : Portrait of Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Born in Barcelona in 21 December 1850, Lluís Domènech i Montaner had shown his passion for architecture from a young age.
He initially studied physics and natural sciences, but after two courses in Madrid studying Engineering, he decided to study architecture. He became an architect in Barcelona in 1873.
From his position as a Professor and Director of the Escola d'Arquitectura de Barcelona (Barcelona School of Architecture), he exerted a major influence in the development and expansion of Modernisme (Art Nouveau).
The role of Domènech i Montaner (1849-1923) was essential to defining the "Modernisme Arquitectonic" (architectural Art Nouveau) in Catalonia. His article "En busca d'una arquitectura nacional" (In search of a national architecture), published in the review "La Renaixença", shows the way to attempt a modern architecture expressing the national Catalan character.
His buildings reveal a mixture between rationalism and the fabulous ornamentation  inspired in the Hispano-Arabic architecture and the curvilinear motifs typical of Art Nouveau.
In the Restaurant of the Park de la Ciutadella of Barcelona (1888) (at present Museum of Zoology), he applied very advanced solutions (iron structure and ceramics) developing them later in the Palau de la Música Catalana (1908) - whic has a fantastic coverage of mosaic, ceramics and polychrome glass, as well as in other buildings erected after this time.
These features are also present in his greatest architectural ensembles: The Hospital de Sant Pau in Barcelona and the Institut Pere Mata in Reus.
An interesting characteristic of Domènech i Montaner's work is the evolution towards lightness that is evident in the Palau de la Música Catalana and wich is the very opposite to the weighted structures of Gaudí (see La Pedrera).
Lluís Domènech i Montaner died in Barcelona on 27 December 1923.

Domènech i Montaner had the help of the best Catalan specialists in the applied arts relating to his architecture, such as architects, sculptors and craftsmen (Contractors, decorators, specialists in forgig, smelters, carpenters, glassworkers, ceramists, plasterers,  etc.), all of them developing in their own fields, an enormous body of work wich was essential to assuring an extraordinary quality in the architect's designs. Naturally, given the passage of  time and historical vicisitudes, much of the information available on this individuals has been lost, but we can still get to know many of these exceptional technicians and workers, some of whom we mention next:

Antoni Maria Gallissà i Soqué
Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert

Eusebi Arnau i Mascort

Specialists in forging:

Josep Bayo


Germans Badía   
Lluís Badía 
Vallet i Piqué  
Casas i Bardé
Tallers Pelegrí
Sebastiá Ribó
Joan Beltrán

In Catalonia:

In Barcelona: 
Fuster House
Lamadrid House

Lleó Morera House  
Thomas House
Museum of Zoolog
Editorial  Montaner i Simón
Sant Pau Hospital
Palau de la Música
Ramon Montaner Palace

In Canet de Mar:
Ateneu Obrer 
Domènech i Montaner House

Roure House (Ca la Bianga)
Santa Florentina Castle

In Olot:
Solà-Morales House

In Reus:
Gasull House   
Navàs House 
Rull House 

Pere Mata Institute 

Out of Catalonia:
Cemetery (Comillas-Spain)
"Tres caños" fountain (Comillas)
Gran Hotel (Palma de Mallorca)
Pontifícia University (Comillas)

Correction of English text by Gary Nisbet

Selected LINKS to other websites on Domènech i Montaner

Palau de la Musica Catalana by Lluis Domenech i Montanter  A web on "Palau de la Música Catalana" by Domènech i M.
Editorial Montaner i Simon by Domenech i Montaner  A web on the "Editorial Montaner i Simon" by Domènech i M.  
Domènech i Montaner  A biography on Domènech i Montaner   


Specific Bibliography on/by Domènech i Montaner

Title of book Author Published by Year
Domènech i Montaner Bassegoda Nonell, J Edicions de Nou Art Thor 1986
Lluís Domènech i Montaner Bohigas, Oriol Lluís Carulla i Canals 1973
Lluís Domènech i Montaner Borrás, M.Ll. La Poligrafa 1970
Inventario general del Modernismo Pons Toujouse, Valentí Ediciones del Serbal 2006
La Iniquitat de Casp i la fi del comtat d'Urgell : estudi histórico-polític Domènech i Montaner, Lluís    
El Palau de la Música Catalana de Lluís Domènech i Montaner  Domènech i Montaner, Lluís
Photos: Marc Llimargas
Lluís Domènech i Girbau  
Escrits polítics i culturals : 1875-1922 Doménech i Montaner, Lluís Maria Lluïsa Borràs  
Ensenyes nacionals de Catalunya : estudi històric Domènech i Montaner, Lluís i Domènech i Roura, Felix    
Lluís Domènech i Montaner (1849-1923) El llegat arquitectònic polític i cultural a Canet de Mar Sàiz i Xiqués, Carles Edicions Els 2 Pins 2008
Books on Domènech i Montaner


Other Catalan Art Nouveau Architects:
Antoni Gaudí i Cornet   Lluís Domènech i Montaner   Josep Puig i Cadafalch   Antoni Maria Gallissà i Soqué   Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert   Cèsar Martinell i Brunet   Manel Joaquim Raspall i Mallol   Joan Rubió i Bellver   Enric Sagnier i Villavecchia   Salvador Valeri i Pupurull   and others.