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Gaudí: GÜELL PALACE

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  On the Güell Palace:  Basic information   History   Description   Collaborators of Gaudí   Images: Outside  Inside The roof  
  Handicapped accessibility
  Sources and additional information:  Links   Bibliography   Other works of Gaudí
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell façade

Basic information:
Location:     Carrer Nou de la Rambla, 3       Barcelona.
Qualification:
  xxxxx  (5 on 5)
Present condition:  Outside
Good / Inside. The Palace is now in restoration process. Consequently only the ground floor and the basement are opened to visit.
How to go to: Metro: L3, (underground station Liceu)
                      Buses: 14, 59, 91, 120
Visits:  The Palace is in restoration process. From 1 June 2010 until April 2011, it will be closed. 
Visits, timings, prices and other information can vary, please verify it previously.
Handicapped accessibility: Visits are not possible during the restauration process.
Information:  Phone: (34) 93 317 39 74 and (34) 93 317 39 78.
                     Fax: (34) 93 317 37 79
                     Email: palauguell@diba.cat

                     Web:
www.palauguell.cat

Ruta del Modernisme

  


History:
This building, one of the most luxurious of Barcelona, was commissioned by Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi (Count of Güell, textile industrialist and marquis's of Comillas son-in-law -see right portrait-) to Antoni Gaudí i Cornet who started the project around 1880 and signed it in 1886.  
This palace that gets up close to the Ramblas, in an area  that in this period
Count of Güell portraitwas the center of Barcelona, it is a house among other buildings and placed with a side leaned against another house also property of the Güell family.
The construction was developed between 1886 and 1888, date mentioned on the high part of the facade, although the decoration would not finish until 1889.  
The family Güell lived in this house from 1888, some of the receptions and other protocol activities of the 1888 Universal Exhibition in Barcelona, taking place in its living rooms. 
The palace was the Güell residence, although the center of the city has left transferring during these years to the Passeig de Gracia and the new urban areas, until in 1910 the count abandons the building to live in a house he acquired inside the enclosure of the Park Güell in the high part of Barcelona, project that Gaudí also carried out for him at that time. 
From that moment, the palace was inhabited by the count's daughter Mercé Güell up to 1945 in which the palace was sold to the Diputació de Barcelona (Provincial government of Barcelona). That institution installed in it, the Museum of Scenic Art. 
Between 1974 and 1976, this institution carried out some changes in the building, restoring the first plant, to allow its opening to the public. 
The last general restoration of the building, directed by Antoni González Moreno begins in 1983 and it concludes in 1997. This restoration includes a reinterpretation, in charge of diverse artists, of the chimneys and vents of the roof, where only one chimney is conserved with the original trencadis of Gaudí. 
The Palau Güell was declared by the UNESCO a Human Heritage in the year 1986.

 

Description:
This palace residence of the Güell family, was built with the biggest quality materials, basically in stone recovered with marble and decorated with the most delicate furniture and artistic objects.  The building has a practically square plant and the distribution changes in each floor, from the basement - old stables - to the loft, to adapt it to their specific functions. 
The exterior shows a main facade with a very sober aspect, built in stone of clear gray color coming from the count's quarries in Garraf - to about 30 kilometers from the south of Barcelona -.  Their two doors located in the center - with the owner initials E and G in wrought iron in their superior part - they also present among them a shield of Catalonia in wrought iron. 
In the first plant a run tribune almost embraces the whole width of the building.  
In upper plants the façade becomes plane and it culminates with some small triangular frontons of staggered border on those the conical ends of chimneys or vents are located. 
The back façade also of great sobriety, presents an original design based on a tribune with wooden Venetian blinds and adorned with a beautiful ceramic, on first floor and in the second floor it is a balcony decorated with a surprising pergola. 
The interior surprises for it splendid decoration with lots of elements of luxurious aspect reflecting the good taste and the architect's originality at the same time - Gaudí designed diverse elements of the furniture, the illumination and the windows - and the building owners, even in a time with a much more pompous aesthetics that the considered acceptable today. 
The luxurious decoration includes marble columns, roofs covered with beautiful wood, furniture and marquetry. 
The most interesting piece is the surprising central living room crowned by a parabolic dome surpassing the roof in conic form. The ceiling of that lounge is perforated by circles that, under the daylight, give it, from the interior, a planetarium appearance. 
We also find in this room a small chapel embedded in the wall and a numberless of ornamental elements. 
The whole building is organized around this central piece.
The roof with its chimneys and conical vents remembering small fir trees, probably represents one of the first sketches - but already the work of a great master - of what would reach the perfection, as functional and ornamental element at the same time, with the warriors of the roof of La Pedrera
In this work, Gaudí used the "trencadis" for the first time (lining of surfaces with irregular mosaic fragments, that later was broadly used in the Modernisme -Catalan Art Nouveau-). 

Collaborators of Gaudí in the construction of the building:  
 

Architects and artists

Craftsman

 Architects
  Francesc Berenguer i Mestres
  Camil Oliveras Gensana
(Dining room decoration)
 Builder   
 
Agustí Massip
 Carpenters   
 
Julià Soley
  Eudald Puntí

 
Ceramic      
  Pujol i Bausis
 Locksmith's
 
Joan Oñós
 
Decorator (Furniture)  
  Francesc Vidal i Jevellí
 
Decorator in wood  
 
Antoni Oliva
 
Iron structure  
  Torres Ferreria i Construccions
        
 
Wrought iron
  Salvador Gabarró 
  Taller Badía Germans
 
Marble           
 
Taller Ventura Germans
 
Painter and decorator 
  Aleix Clapés i Puig

 
Glazier         
  Tallers Pelegrí
 Organ of the chapel  
  Aquilino Amezcua
 Sculptors 
 
Joan Flotats
(Chapel figure)
  Rosend Nobas i Ballbé 
(Bust of J. Güell i Ferrer)
 Painters    
  Alexandre de Riquer i Ynglada
  Ramon Tusquets i Maignon
   
Images:

Out: Front side 

Gaudí: Palau Güell façade Gaudí: Palau Güell Main doors Gaudí: Palau Güell Left door Gaudí: Palau Güell Coat of arms

Out: Back side  *

Gaudí: Palau Güell Back façade Gaudí: Palau Güell Back façade terrace level

Inside: Basement, courtyard and ground floor  *

Gaudí: Palau Güell stable
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Stable
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Basement arch
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Courtyard
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Courtyard windows Gaudí: Palau Güell Ceramic ceilig Gaudí: Palau Güell Capital on groung floor Gaudí: Palau Güell Main stair

Inside: Public areas:  *

Gaudí: Palau Güell Columns
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Count office
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Coffered ceiling
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Coffered ceiling
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Gaudí and Güell statues
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Decored Sofa
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Lounge
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Central lounge ceiling
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Stained glass window
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Stained glass Gaudí: Palau Güell Lounge detail Gaudí: Palau Güell Window

Inside: Private areas:  *

Gaudí: Palau Güell Columns
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Fireplace
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Room
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Bed
 

Gaudí: Palau Güell  Dining room

Gaudí: Palau Güell Toilets

The roof:  *

Gaudí: Palau Güell Dome
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Chimneys
 
G. Palau Güell Chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Yellow chimney with blue lines
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Multicolor chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Top white chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Various chimneys
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Various chimneys
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell White chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Green fruits chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Lizard chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Original chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Original chimney
 
Gaudí: Palau Güell Long chimney Gaudí: Palau Güell Ladies and chimneys

Images with published under the authorization of Diputació de Barcelona
 

Selected LINKS to other webs on Palau Güell

http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/spain/barcelona/gaudiguell/guell.html  Text and images on Palau Güell   
http://www.ics.uci.edu/~eppstein/pix/bar/palg/  Some interesting images on Palau Güell   
http://www.archiseek.com/guides/spain/catalunya/barcelona/palau_guell.html  Photos and texts on Palau Güell
 

Specific Bibliography on Palau Güell

Title Author Published by Year
Guia del Modernisme a l'Eixample Bancells, Consol Edicions de Nou Art Thor 1990
Gaudí Bassegoda Nonell, J. Edicions de Nou Art Thor 1986
Gaudí l'home i l'obra Bergos, J / Llimargas, M Lunwerg 1999
El Quadrat d'Or. Centre de la Barcelona modernista Garcia-Espuche, A OCSA-Lunwerg 1990
Arquitectura modernista en Cataluña Lacuesta,R / Gonzalez,A Editorial Gustavo Gili 1990
Un passeig per la Barcelona modernista Permanyer, Ll / Levick,M. Edicions Poligrafa 1998
Antoni Gaudí Zerbst, R Taschen 1985
Gaudí Art i Técnica  (CD-Rom)   Fundació Caixa Catalunya 2002
 
Other works of Gaudí:
In Barcelona: Bellesguard  Eduard Calvet House   Batlló House  Vicens House  Santa Teresa School  Sagrada Família Schools  La Pedrera  Güell Pavilions  Güell Palace  Park Güell  Sagrada Família  Miralles Property Fence 
In La Pobla de Lillet:  Catllaràs Villa  Artigas Gardens
In Mataró: 
Workers Cooperative building (attributed)
In Montserrat:  Monumental Rosary path (1st mystery of Glory)
In Santa Coloma de Cervelló:  Colònia Güell Crypt
In Garraf (Sitges):  Garraf Cellars
Out of Catalonia:  Botines House (León)  El Capricho (Comillas)  Episcopal Palace (Astorga)

 

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