|GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Architecture / Gaudí / Chronology|
GAUDÍ Chronology (1852-1926)
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Index to simplify
the search of themes:
Texts in italic and boldface = Important events
Texts in underlined electric blue = Links
Texts in dark blue = Professional and social events
Texts in green = Family events
Texts in brown = Travels / Visits
* Photos published under the authorisation of his owners (mentioned under the images)
1852 -Antoni Placid Gaudí i Cornet is born June 25 in Reus according to some biographers and according to other in Riudoms - a village next to Reus.
His parents were Francesc Gaudí i Serra (born in Riudoms) and Antònia Cornet i Bertran (born in Reus).
The profession of his father, boilermaker, will influence Gaudí according to he himself recognizes, in his spatial conception, in his interest by the decorative elements and in his manual ability.
1860 - Gaudí carries out his first studies in the school of the master Berenguer of Reus (father of Francesc Berenguer - 1866-1914 - future architect assistant of Gaudí).
1863 - Gaudí studies the degree in the Escoles Pies of Reus.
1866 - Josep Maria Bocabella, the promoter of the temple of the Sagrada Família, sets up the Association of Saint Joseph Devotes, with the basic objective to build the temple.
1867 - Along with Eduard Toda and Josep Ribera, he publishes in Reus a handwritten magazine "El Arlequín" (The Harlequin) Gaudí carrying out the drawings.
1868 -He comes to live in Barcelona with his brother and starts the higher studies in the Institut d' Ensenyament Mitjà (Half level Teaching Institute) as free student.
1869 - He carries out preparatory studies in the
Sciences Faculty to be prepared to access the University of Barcelona.
Along with Eduard Toda and Josep Ribera, he initiates a restoration project for the Monastery of Poblet (with its royal tombs), that will be culminated some years later by Eduard Toda.
1873 - He initiates the studies in the section of
Architecture of the Provincial School of Barcelona.
1874 - Gaudí is presented in a contest for the execution of a pantheon for Anselm Clavé. Gaudí and other competitors are to be withdrawn in favour of the project of Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Vilaseca.
1875 - He carries out the water tower for the Park
of the Ciutadella reservoir.
1876 -The mother of Gaudí and his brother Francesc died, what originates a crisis that affects to his ideological orientation.
He works as a machinery draughtsman in the firm Padrós i Borràs.
He continues also his contribution with the architect Francesc de Paula Villar, carrying out as draughtsman the project of the chapel of the virgin and the apse of the Monastery of Montserrat.
Also he carries out various school projects.
1877 - Gaudí is presented to a contest called by the School of Applied Arts of Ateneu Barcelonès, in a project oriented to the industry. Earns no prize.
1878 - This is a crucial year in the life of
1879 -His sister Rose dies, Gaudí will take in charge her psychic diminished daughter to his death.
He enters to be part of the executive of the Catalan Association for Scientific Excursions.
He carries out works of decoration in the convent of Jesus-Maria of Sant Andreu de Palomar and in the pharmacy Gibert in Canuda street (at present vanished).
He initiates the first studies to build the Vicens House.
He projects the altar of the chapel of the school of Jesus-Maria and also
the lampposts of the Passeig de la Muralla (Walk of the Wall) - with names
of Catalonian admirals - in Barcelona, that will not be built.
He presents a project not accepted, to a contest to build a Casino
in Donostia (San Sebastián - Basc country).
Gaudí works, as assistant of the architect Joan Martorell, in the projects
of the churches of the Jesuits of Casp and the Saleses of Sant Joan
Promenade in Barcelona.
Gaudí participates in an
encounter of Catalans of both-sides of Pyrenees in Elna (Rosselló - North of
Catalonia, today under French administration) with Verdaguer, Marià Aguiló,
Àngel Guimerà, Masriera, etc.
Project of a chapel of the Santíssim Sagrament (Most Holy Sacrament) in the
parish church of Alella, never carry out.
March 28, Gaudí signs his first official document as the architect of the Sagrada Família.
It is declared in
Barcelona an epidemic of cholera. Gaudí comes to Sant Feliu de Codines, a
village near Barcelona.
Gaudí signs the project of the Güell Palace and
takes in charge of its construction.
Gaudí is entrusted to restore the Saló del Consell de Cent (Lounge of the Hundred
Council - who
is a gothic ceremonial lounge in the Barcelona Town Hall -) and of the main
stairs of access of the City Hall of Barcelona, projects that will not be
He exposes some projects in the World's Fair of Barcelona and in its
maritime section, he carries out the stand of the Transatlantic Company.
month of March he substitutes the previous architect in the works of
enlargement of Santa Teresa School in Ganduxer
street of Barcelona.
The bishop of Astorga Joan Baptista Grau i Vallespinós dies, Gaudí, faced to
the Diocesan Council Meeting, renunciation to continue the works of the
The works of the Güell Cellar are initiated in
1897 - Josep Fontseré one of the first masters of Gaudí dies.
The works of the Calvet House begins, that building
will be the prize winner of the City Council award to the better building of
Reformation of the facade of the house Pere Santaló in the Nou de la Rambla
street in Barcelona.
1902 - He begins the construction of the Catllaràs Villa in La Pobla de Lillet.
- He travels to Majorca
to study the works of restructuring of the interior of the Majorca
Cathedral, that the bishop Campins entrusts him, works developed through 10
years and remained uncompleted.
He initiates the project of total restructuring of the
1905 - Gaudí is going to live to the house projected by his disciple Francesc Berenguer in the Park Güell. Gaudí projects La Pedrera.
Gaudí begins the works of La Pedrera
also known as Milà house.
He projects a monument to Jaume I in the Kings square of Barcelona, but that
monument will never carry out.
Start of the works of the Colònia Güell Crypt .
Gaudí exposes gypsum models his works in the Grand Palais of Paris since
April 15 to June 30, with a great success.
- Gaudí sick of fevers of Malta.
To be cured he comes to Puigcerdà
(North of Catalonia, in the Pyrenees mountains).
- January 11 its psychical
diminished niece Rosa Egea i Gaudí dies at age 37. Gaudí had taken care of
her, since the death of her mother.
The works of the church of the Colònia Güell are
interrupted as well as the ones of the Park Güell
that has failed in its economic side.
- Gaudí still travels to Manresa
to study an eventual Cathedral reform.
1916 - He does a study on the possibility to create tombs inside the Sagrada Família.
1917 - The Passion Façade of the Sagrada Família is designed, including a monument to the Bishop Torres i Bages.
Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi, count of Güell, that had been the great sponsor
of Gaudí, died in his residence of the Park Güell.
1920 - Le Corbusier visit in Barcelona the works of the Sagrada Família, that he qualifies as masterpiece.
He carries out some studies for the chapel Calvet in Torelló.
1924 - Gaudí is under arrest September 11 - Catalonian national holyday - to attend in the church of the Just i Pastor Saints to the mass in memory of the Catalonian patriots and to refuse to speak in Castilian (Spanish) language to the police.
He come to live inside the precinct of the Sagrada Família to closer
follow the works.
1926 - Gaudí is knocked down in the crossing of the Gran Via with the Bailen street of Barcelona by a tramway June 7 . In consequence of the injuries, Gaudí dies on the 10 in the Hospital of the Holy Cross and is buried in the Crypt of the Sagrada Família on the 12.
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