GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Architecture / Gaudí / Barcelona / Sagrada Família - Passion façade -

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Gaudí: SAGRADA FAMÍLIA
               Passion façade

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 The temple:   Basic information   History   General description   Chronology   Nativity façade   Passion façade    Glory façade  Other temple spaces   The building elements
 Handicapped accessibility
 Sources and complementary information:  Links   Bibliography   Present of works   Books on Sagrada Família   Other Gaudí works
 
The Passion façade:  The bell towers   The Portico  Sculptures by Subirachs

The Passion façade is recently built. Located in the street Sardenya and oriented to west.
This façade represents the passion and the death of Jesus. According with this function, it has an austere and extraordinarily naked appearance, with geometric edged forms.
It is composed by a six columns portico, with three doors, of which the central one is divided into two by a mullion with the Alpha and Omega signs among the four bell towers. As the Nativity and Glory façade, the three entries of the Passion one are dedicated to the three Christian virtues.
The sobriety of the façade is visible also by the presence of bone shaped columns and the sober sculptures carried out by Josep Maria Subirachs adding drama to the already deliberately sad Gaudí design.
The whole respects the initial project of Gaudí with regard to its general characteristics, but the details are obviously adapted to the modern aesthetics. In this sense, the very symbolic iconography of Subirachs represents a total break with the figurative concept of the opposed façade (Nativity).
 

 
Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade
Frontal view of the Passion façade Lateral view of the Passion façade


The bell towers: The two central ones have a height of 112 meters and of 107 meters the outsides.
They are, as in the Nativity side, the most characteristic and main façade elements.
They are totally accessible through spiral stairs leaving an important central empty space.
All the length of the bell towers is opened through a sort of stone blinds allowing the tubular bells sound diffusion planed by Gaudí.
The towers are of rhomboid section, but to a certain height they come to be elliptic.
Each one of the towers of this and of the other two façades, on the whole twelve, four for each one, is devoted to an apostle.
Those of the Passion façade are dedicated to Saint James, Saint Bartholomew, Saint Thomas and Saint Philip. Each one of them is represented in a big statue, placed to a height of a third of the total length of the towers with his names in relief to both sides.
Between the two central towers and to a height of 60 meters, there is a bridge. Gaudí had the idea to put an image of Jesus getting up triumphant to the sky, in contrast with the drama of the whole Passion façade. This image will be very quick installed. The pinnacles on the top of the towers have the same signs they have on the Nativity façade.
 

Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Bell towers Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Bell towers Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Saint James and Saint Bartholomew bell towers Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Saint Thomas and Saint Philip bell towers
Two views of the bell towers The apostles Saint James
 and Bartholomew
The apostles Thomas and Philip  

The portico:
It has six outside columns inclined to inside supporting a cornice flying over it in form of a covered gallery (now under construction). The roof of that gallery is more inclined that its base is and will be supported (when finished) by a total of eighteen small columns.
The portico will have access to the temple interior through three doors opened into the transept as three hallways devoted, as it is in the other façades, to the three Christian virtues. The central door is divided into two by a central mullion in which the sculptor Subirachs has carved a united Alpha and Omega.
All the portico whole is a spectacular sculptural re-enactment of the Passion and death of Jesus. Here, the Gaudí project was not followed, because it had not the needed detail and another different approach was adopted, more adapted to the new times. The representations outlined by Gaudí were disposed in horizontal manner, in another way Subirachs has developed a new idea in which the carved story of the Passion follow an S form.
 
Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Portico general view Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Portico Columns Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  The Crucifixion by Subirachs Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Pasion façade  Flagellation of Jesús by Subirachs
General view of the portico. According to the design of Gaudí,
in the culmination a covered gallery is being build
Portico columns
 
Jesus to the Calvary,
on top: The Crucifixion
Flagellation of Jesus
 
Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Left main door Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Flagellation and two main doors Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Detail of a main door  
Left main door Christ flagellated and two main doors Detail of main door  


Sculptures by Subirachs

Gaudi: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Calvary and crucifixion Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Burial of Jesus Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Portico partial view
Groups of the Calvary and The Crucifixion Burial of Jesus Subirachs creates an impressive
dramatic environment
Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  The judgement of Jesus Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  The last supper Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Peter negations Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Judas treason
The judgment of Jesus
 
The last supper
 
Peter negations
 
The Judas treason
 
Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  The judgement of Jesus Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  The treason of Judas Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Longine and up the Jesus clothing distribution Gaudí: Sagrada Família  Passion façade  Saint Peter cock
The judgment of Jesus The treason of Judas group in the
side of Gethsemane door
Longine and up, the
distribution of Jesus clothing's
Saint Peter cock
 

Other pages on the Sagrada Família:
History  Description 
Chronology  Nativity façade  Passion façade  Glory façade  Other temple spaces  The building elements  Links
and Bibliography

Page made with the collaboration of the "Junta Constructora del temple de la Sagrada Família".
 

Other works of Gaudí:
In Barcelona: Bellesguard  Eduard Calvet House   Batlló House  Vicens House  Santa Teresa School  Sagrada Família Schools  La Pedrera  Güell Pavilions  Güell Palace  Park Güell  Sagrada Família  Miralles Property Fence 
In La Pobla de Lillet:  Catllaràs Villa  Artigas Gardens
In Mataró: 
Workers Cooperative building (attributed)
In Montserrat:  Monumental Rosary path (1st mystery of Glory)
In Santa Coloma de Cervelló:  Colònia Güell Crypt
In Garraf (Sitges):  Garraf Cellars
Out of Catalonia:  Botines House (León)  El Capricho (Comillas)  Episcopal Palace (Astorga)

 

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