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Domènech i Montaner: PERE MATA INSTITUTE

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 On Pere Mata Institute:  Basic information   History   Description   List of artists and technicians   Images: Outside  Inside
 Handicapped accessibility
 Sources and additional information:  Links   Bibliography   Other works of Domènech i Montaner
 
Reus: Pere Mata Institute of Lluís Domènech i Montaner  A view of some of the wings and the tower

Reus: Pere Mata Institute of Lluís Domènech i Montaner   Wing of the distinguished, view from outside

Basic information:
Location:  Carretera de l'Institut Pere Mata, s/n.  Reus  (Baix Camp)
Qualification:
   xxxxx (5 on 5)
Present Condition:  Outside:
Good / Inside: Very good for "Distinguished wing". Other wings are adapted to present medical needs.
Visits:  To visit the interior and "Distinguished wing" contact previously the Reus Tourist Information Office.
Handicapped accessibility: In the Distinguished wing - the only one who is visited - the ground floor has no unevenness and is consequently accessible for wheelchairs, the upper plant is only accessible through stairs.
Ruta del Modernisme

History:
Projected by Lluís Domènech i Montaner and built between 1897 and 1912.
At the end of the 19th century the doctor Emili Briansó and other notables of Reus as Pau Font de Rubinat, prestigious Catalan's intellectual, decided to promote a new psychiatric hospital to cover the needs of the city in this field. Domènech i Montaner that had known Font of Rubinat - the first president of the Board of the Company constituted in 1896 to build the hospital, with the name of "Manicomio de Reus (Madhouse of Reus)" later changed for the present one - during the redaction of the Bases of Manresa (city in which a political project for the future of Catalonia  presided by Domènech i Montaner was prepared), was the architect selected to develop this work that is at present one of the most beautiful Art Nouveau (Catalan Modernista style) architectural ensembles of Catalonia and the precedent of the great Sant Pau Hospital in Barcelona.
The medical aspects of the project were consulted to the doctors Rafael Rodriguez Mendez Hygiene Professor of the Faculty of Medicine of Barcelona and with Artur Galceran Granés that had been the Director of the psychiatric Sanatorium of Sant Boi.
The distribution of the spaces was carried out keeping in mind rigorous criteria according the conditions of sex, illness and social group. Each building had to have its own garden, besides the common gardens. A central walk separated the dependences by sexes, besides locating the building of general services and the chapel.
In fact, the Pere Mata Institute is more than a psychiatric hospital, it is a small city (with an approximate surface of 20 hectares) in which Domènech i Montaner applied renewed concepts of town and spaces planning, ornamentation and materials.
Domènech did not only the design of the outside of the buildings and of its urban development distribution with buildings surrounded by gardens in a style that was called "â village" due to it was inspired in projects developed in France, but also designed all the interior including the furniture.
The Institute continues serving at present to the same purposes.
The ensemble is projected dividing the different functions in separated environments with a total of 6 buildings, subsequently the son of Lluís Domènech i Montaner - Pere Domènech i Roura - built other to a total of 14 but not of Art Nouveau (Catalan Modernist) style.

Description:
The General services building where the administrative services are found is built in the centre of the hospital and is dominated by a great tower of 30 meters of height providing a special character to the ensemble and can be seen from very far away.
The buildings built by Lluís Domènech i Montaner are typically Art Nouveau (Catalan Modernist style), the façades of the buildings are of brick and are adorned with ceramics carried out with designs of Josep Triadó i Mayol and Lluís Bru i Salelles. The stone is also present.
But the most interesting building is the "Wing of the distinguished", finished in the year 1908, by its ornamental wealthy and because the original furniture has been conserved, it is decorated with stained glasses and iron forged elements. The project of this building contained an ornamental ensemble so important, that the budget surpassed extensively the predicted, limiting the execution of the remainder of the project.
This building is comprised of a low plant with three spaces utilized basically for the leisure of the patients live-in (that only could be men and naturally of a high economic level) and two flats of rooms many of them double so that could lodge the service people of the patients.
The low plant is comprised of a parlour also called room of music - because concerts where done in weekends -, a dining room and a play-room. Just as already we have advanced, the decoration of these rooms is extraordinary not only in the common spaces, but also in the private rooms. We find all over, allegories to the healing of the patients with typical Catalan Art Nouveau elements as vegetable forms and animals, heraldic medieval Catalan symbols, etc.
The "horror vacui" or horror to the empty spaces, so typical of Art Nouveau, is visible on all the walls, profusely decorated.

Domènech i Montaner had special care in assuring the hygiene and the comfort of the patients. Thus we can see that although these they were in state of confinement, the grilles are concealed, the stairs and the round banisters by avoiding accidents and all the walls (except in the rooms) are covered of ceramics. The colours of the stained glasses collaborate to create an adequate relaxed environment to these patients.

 

TECHNICAL CARD
List of architects, artists and technicians working in that building

  Architects   Lluís Domènech i Montaner
  Pere Casellas i Terrats
  Pere Domènech i Roura
  Medical assessment   Dr. Rafael Rodriguez Mendez
  Dr. Artur Galceran Granés
  Ceramic   Josep Triadó i Mayol
  Lluís Bru i Salelles
  Stained glass  
 
Images:

Outside:

Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Lateral gate Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Dome Domènech i Montaner: Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Gate and wing Domènech i Montaner: Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Pediment

Three views of a lateral gate and its domes and right pediment with stone and ceramics decoration


Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Façade of the wing of the distinguished
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Main façade of the wing of the distinguished Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Main façade decoration

Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Tower

Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata  Institute   Capital

Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Façade detail

Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Outside gallery
Various views and Distinguished Pavilion façade details

Inside: *
Main and music lounges
  Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata  Roof and lamp
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Music room Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Stained glasses in the music room Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Decorated wall
Music room Stained glasses Decorated wall Roof and lamp
       
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Ceramic on roof Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institut   Stained glass detail Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institut   Music room, a door with stained glasses Sala de Música  Porta amb vitrall i sofà Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Furniture, a sofa, i the music room
Ceramics on roof Stained glass Door with stained glass Sofa
       
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Mosac in the music room Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Mosaic in the music room Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Floor mosaic in the music room
Two mosaics Floor mosaic
       
Dining hall:      
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   The dining room Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Dining room lamp Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Dining room stained glasses Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Ceramic decoration on a wall in the dining room
Dinning room Dinning room lamp Stained glasses Wall ceramic
       

Gaming room:

     
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   The playing room, the snooker Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Playing room, the chess Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Wall decorated in wood Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Playing room, ceramic roof
Partial view: snooker table Partial view: chess Wall decoration in wood Ceramic roof
       

Common areas, rooms and furniture:

   
Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Ceramic decoration Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Ceramic decoration Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Ceramic decoration Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Corridor
Ceramic decoration Ceramic decoration Ceramic on stairs Corridor
       
Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Room doors Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Room sofa Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Wardrobe Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute  Wardrobe
Room doors Room sofa Wardrobe Wardrobe
       
Domènech i Montaner:   Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Bed Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Bed Domènech i Montaner:  Reus   Pere Mata Institute   Bedside table  
Bed Bed Bedside table  
* Photos of interiors published with the authorization of Patronat Municipal de Turisme i Comerç de Reus.
Photographers Jordi Amat, Josep Durall and others.
 

Bibliography on "Institut Pere Mata Institute"

Title Author Published by Year
Arquitectura modernista Bohigas, Oriol Editorial Lumen 1968
J. M. Domènech i Montaner Obras en Reus Buqueras, J.M. Jano nº 25 1975
Arquitectura provincial. Instituto Pere Mata Buqueras, J.M. Diario Español Tarragona 1975
Institut Pere Mata de Reus Marc, Jordi Pragma edicions 2004
Institut Pere Mata. Cent anys (1896-1996) Poca Gaya, Josep Institut Pere Mata, Reus 1996
Guia de la Ruta del Modernisme (Reus) Tate Cabré Editorial Mediterrània, S.L. 1998
 

Links to other specific websites on "Pere Mata Institute"

GPM - IPM   History and images of the Pere Mata Institute in its official web  
- L'Institut Pere Mata - reus.net  Page on Pere Mata Institute in the web of Patronat Municipal de Turisme i Comerç de  Reus
-
PAPHE: Reus, institut pere mata  Page of the web "Present and future of european hospitals heritage"

 
Other works of Domènech i Montaner:
In Barcelona: Fuster House  Lamadrid House  Lleó Morera House  Thomas House  Museum of Zoology  Editorial  Montaner i Simón  Hospital of Sant Pau  Música Catalana Palace  Ramon Montaner Palace
In Canet de Mar:  Ateneu Obrer  Santa Florentina Castle  Domènech i Montaner House  Roure House (Ca la Bianga) 
In Olot:  Solà-Morales House
In Reus:  Gasull House  Navàs House  Rull House  Pere Mata Institute 
Out of Catalonia:  Cemetery (Comillas)  "Tres caños" fountain (Comillas)  Universidad Pontifícia (Comillas)
 

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