Josep Reynes i Gurgui (1850-1926)

by | Jul 14, 2017 | Sculpture

Works

 
In Barcelona:
Vase with children
(Ciutadella Park in Barcelona 1882)
Marià Fortuny portrait (1884)
Eduardo Rosales portrait (1884)
Cervantes portrait (1885)
Barcelona rep les nacions
(Barcelona welcome the nations – Frieze on Triumph Arch 1887)
Roger de Llúria statue (Lluís
Companys Promenade in Barcelona 1888)
Violinist (1890)
Equestrian statue of Christine of Habsburg
(MNAC Catalonian National Art Museum 1891)
The Justice (Justice Palace)
Antoni Viladomat i Manalt bust
(Catalonian Parliament in Barcelona 1915)
Manuel Tremulles bust
(Catalonian Parliament in Barcelona 1915)
Young woman bust
(Barcelona City hall 1st floor)
 
In Sitges:
El Greco Monument
Doctor Robert Monument

 
Funerary sculpture:
 
In Barcelona:
Bonaplata Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1886)
Cazes-Clavell Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1897 – in collaboration with Fuxà)
Godó Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1898)
Collaso Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1901)
Gener Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1904)
Casa Ortembach Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery 1907)
 
In Sitges:
A. Serra Ferrer Tomb
(Cemetery 1902)
M. Robert Aldufeu Tomb
(Cemetery 1902)

Life

Born in Barcelona in 1850.
He trained as sculptor in the School of Llotja of Barcelona with the brothers Venanci and Agapit Vallmitjana, in the atelier of Rosend Nobas, in which he met Manuel Fuxà, and later in Paris (1873-76), in the atelier of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux.
During this stay in Paris in 1873, he again encountered Fuxà, with whom he developed a deep friendship.
Although Reynés’ career spanned the modernist era, his sculpture is distinctive for its eclectic naturalistic realism and its tendency towards decorativism – a good example of this is the vase with children and flowers in Barcelona’s Ciutadella Park, which dates from early in his career (1882). Despite being a youthful work, it is considered to be one of his best sculptural pieces, reflecting his delicate sensibility and revealing some light but characteristic aspects of modernism (Catalan Art Nouveau).
In his later works, such as the female bust that is found in Barcelona’s City Hall, the bust of Cervantes (1885) and the equestrian statue of the queen regent Maria Christina Hapsburg (1891) in the city’s Museum of Modern Art, his style is characterized more by an emphatic and virtuous treatment, reflecting a flavor still deep-rooted in the era and which betrays the influence of his Parisian training.
This is also evident in his architectural sculpture in Barcelona, an excellent example of which is the multi-figure relief frieze “Barcelona rep les nacions” (Barcelona Welcomes the Nations), on the front of the Arc de Triomf (1887), which compliments perfectly the more academic frieze at its rear by the young Josep Llimona (Recompense). Built as the main gate of the Universal Exhibition of 1888, its sculptures by Reynés and Llimona (as well the subsidiary decorative details by other sculptors) provide the arc with a monumentality that the architecture of the structure itself lacks.
Reynés also produced notable public statues representing illustrious personages, including those dedicated to El Greco and Doctor Robert in Sitges, and Roger de Llúria in Barcelona.
In addition to his work as sculptor, for which he became renowned and received great prestige, he was also dedicated to the decoration of interiors.
Josep Reynés died in Barcelona in 1926.

Images

Vase with children
Doctor Robert
El Greco
Roger de LLúria
The Justice

Frieze on the upper part of the Triumph Arch in Barcelona (1897)

Funerary sculpture (Sitges Cemetery)

Specific Bibliography

on Josep Reynés i Gurguí

TitleAuthorPublished
by
Year

 Guía del Cementerio de Montjuïc 

 Aguado, Neus

 Institut Municipal dels Serveis
 Funeraris de Barcelona

1993
L’escultura catalanaCirici i Pellicer1957
Gran Enciclopèdia CatalanaDifferent authorsEnciclopèdia Catalana
Enciclopèdia Salvat CatalàDifferent authorsEdicions Salvat
Un
siglo de escultura catalana
Infiesta,
José Manuel 
1975
Diccionario bibliográfico de artistas de
 Cataluña
Ràfols, J. F. 1953
L’escultura del segle XIX a CatalunyaSubirachs i Burgaya, JuditPublicacions de l’Abadia de
 Montserrat
1994

Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors

Eusebi ARNAU i Mascort
Miquel BLAY i Fabregues
Joan Carreres
Enric Clarasó i Daudí
Lambert Escaler i Milà
Manel FUXÀ i Leal
Pau GARGALLO i Catalán
Alfons Juyol i Bach
Josep LLIMONA i Bruguera
Agustí Querol
Josep Reynés i Gurguí
Agapit VALLMITJANA i Barbany
VenancI VALLMITJANA i Barbany