GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Sculpture / V. Vallmitjana

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VENANCI VALLMITJANA I BARBANY   (1826-1919)

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 On Venanci Vallmitjana:  Biography   WorksSculpture  Funerary sculpture   Images
 Sources and additional information:  Links   Bibliography   Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors
 

Works:

Sculpture:
Evangelists
(Together with his brother Agapit
 Vallmitjana 1854) 

Sant Jordi
(Saint George 1861) 
Portrait of Lord Stanley and his
  wife
(1872)
The Agriculture
(Ciutadella Park in Barcelona 1886) 
The Marine
(Ciutadella Park in Barcelona 1886)
The Tradition
(1890) 
Alphonse X the Wise (Barcelona University)
Averroes (Barcelona University)
Baby
Bust of Benet Mercadé i Fàbregas 
(Catalonian Parliament in Barcelona)
Diana fountain (Gran Via/Llúria in Barcelona)
Fígaro
Lions (2) (Hall of Catalonian Government
  Palace) 
Lluís Vives (Barcelona University)
Manola
Monastery of Montserrat façade
  (Together with his brother Agapit)
Old lady portrait  (Barcelona City Hall first floor)
Ramon Llull (Barcelona University)
Saint Isidor
(Barcelona University)
Saint Venanci
Sketch for a statue to the queen Maria Cristina
Statue of Antoni López i López -
  Marquis of Comillas
-
 (P.Colom /
   Via Laietana in Barcelona)

The Muse of music (Gran Teatre del
  Liceu - Opera house - in Barcelona)
The Pietá
The Trinity

Virgin standing with the Christ-child
Virgin  lifting the Crist-child

Women (2)
(Urban Police building in Barcelona - attributed)
Young woman at the source

Funerary sculpture:
Tomb
(Arenys de Mar Cemetery )

Portrait of Venanci Vallmitjana i Barbany
 

Life:
Born in Barcelona in 1826. 
He studied together with his brother Agapit in the School of Llotja in Barcelona, as a disciple of the famous Catalonian sculptor Damià Campeny. Being one of the school's most brilliant students, he received the prize of Llotja in 1844. 
At the outset of his artistic career, he produced small nativity scene figures in clay in the Baroque style in collaboration with his brother Agapit, both of whom worked from an atelier in Tapinería Street in Barcelona. 
By 1853, he had produced the statues of the evangelists for the Church of Sant Just in Barcelona, and in 1856, he became a Professor at the School of Llotja. A little later, he executed statues for the facade of the Bank of Barcelona. 
Having established his reputation as a sculptor, his atelier in the chapel of Saint Àgata was visited by the most famous personalities of the day, which resulted in him receiving further important commissions . 
In 1872, together with its brother Agapit, he travelled to Manchester, England, where they carried out the portraits of Lord and Lady Stanley. They also visited Paris, where their work was also well received in artistic circles. 
A significant amount of his mature work was carried out in collaboration with his brother, and it is at times difficult to identify their individual contributions. Nevertheless, it is acknowledged that in Venanci's work there is a greater sense of the spectacular. However, although it has general thought by historians and commentators that his work is of a higher quality than that of his brother, this opinion is currently being revised as a result of the greater appreciation  that is now being given to the more formal perfection that is evident in Agapit's work. 
Although the Vallmitjana brothers should be considered as academic sculptors working in a realistic style, and therefore predating modernism (Catalan Art Nouveau), because the majority of their work was carried out before this style emerged, the fact that both were teachers of famous modernist sculptors, such as Llimona, Gargallo and others, gives them a special importance as precursors of the style.
After the death of his younger brother Agapit in 1905, which broke the fertile bond that ensured their collaborative success, Venanci Vallitjana i Barbany continued to live and work in Barcelona until his death in 1919.

     
Correction of English text by Gary Nisbet
 
Images: 
 
V Vallmitjana  The Marine  Ciutadella Park V Vallmitjana The Agriculture  Ciutadella Park V. Vallmitjana  Diana  (Gran Via / R. Llúria street)
The Marine 1886 The Agriculture 1886 Diana

                                         

Funerary Sculpture:
                 V. Vallmitjana Pantheon in Arenys de Mar Cemetery   
Pantheón in Arenys de Mar Cemetery
 

Selected LINKS to other websites on Venanci Vallmitjana i Barbany

http://www.bcn.es/publicacions/Bcn_escultures/autorsFrame.html  Web of Barcelona city council, showing photos of six sculptures of Venanci Vallmitjana in various places of the city.

 

Specific Bibliography on Venanci Vallmitjana i Barbany

Title Author Published by Year

 Guía del Cementerio de Montjuïc 

 Aguado, Neus

 Institut Municipal dels Serveis Funeraris de Barcelona

1993
 L'escultura catalana  Cirici i Pellicer   1957
 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana  Different authors  Enciclopèdia Catalana
 Enciclopèdia Salvat Català  Different authors  Edicions Salvat
 Un siglo de escultura catalana  Infiesta, José Manuel    1975
 Diccionario bibliográfico de artistas de Cataluña  Ràfols, J. F.   1953
 L'escultura del segle XIX a Catalunya  Subirachs i Burgaya, Judit  Publicacions de l'Abadia de Montserrat 1994
 Catàleg de donatius    Junta de Museus de Catalunya

1935

 
Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors:
Eusebi ARNAU i Mascort   Miquel BLAY i Fabregues   Joan Carreres   Enric Clarasó i Daudí   Lambert Escaler i Milà   Manel FUXÀ i Leal   Pau GARGALLO i Catalán   Alfons Juyol i Bach   Josep LLIMONA i Bruguera   Agustí Querol   Josep Reynés i Gurguí   Agapit VALLMITJANA i Barbany VenancI VALLMITJANA i Barbany
 

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