GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Sculpture / Reynés

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JOSEP REYNÉS I GURGUÍ  (1850-1926)

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 On Josep Reynés:  Biography   WorksSculpture  Funerary sculpture   Images
 Sources and additional information:  Links   Bibliography   Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors 
 

Works :

In Barcelona:
Vase with children  (Ciutadella Park in
 Barcelona 1
882) 
Marià Fortuny portrait (1884)
Eduardo Rosales portrait
(1884)
Cervantes portrait
(1885)
Barcelona rep les nacions
 
 
(Barcelona welcome the nations - Frieze
  on Triumph Arch 1887)
 
Roger de Llúria statue 
(Lluís
  Companys Promenade in Barcelona 1888)

Violinist
(1890)
Equestrian statue of Christine of
 Habsburg
(MNAC Catalonian National Art
 Museum
1891)

The Justice
(Justice Palace)
Antoni Viladomat i
Manalt bust 
 
(Catalonian Parliament in Barcelona 1915)
Manuel Tremulles bust
 (Catalonian Parliament in Barcelona 1915)
Young woman bust
(Barcelona City hall
 1st floor)

In Sitges:
El Greco Monument
Doctor Robert Monument

Funerary sculpture:

In Barcelona:
Bonaplata Tomb
(Southwest
 Cemetery 1886)
Cazes-Clavell Tomb
 
(Southwest Cemetery 1897 - in
  collaboration with Fuxà)
Godó Tomb (Southwest
  Cemetery
1898)
Collaso Tomb (Southwest
  Cemetery
1901)
Gener Tomb (Southwest
  Cemetery 1904)
Casa Ortembach Tomb
 
(Southwest Cemetery 1907)

In Sitges:
A. Serra Ferrer Tomb 
  (Cemetery 1902)
M. Robert Aldufeu Tomb

 
(Cemetery 1902)

Portrait of Josep Reynés i Gurguí

Life:
Born in Barcelona in 1850. 
He trained as sculptor in the School of Llotja of Barcelona with the brothers Venanci and Agapit Vallmitjana, in the atelier of Rosend Nobas, in which he met Manuel Fuxà, and later in Paris (1873-76), in the atelier of the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. 
During this stay in Paris in 1873, he again encountered Fuxà, with whom he developed a deep friendship. 
Although Reynés' career spanned the modernist era, his sculpture is distinctive for its eclectic naturalistic realism and its tendency towards decorativism - a good example of this is the vase with children and flowers in Barcelona's Ciutadella Park, which dates from early in his career (1882). Despite being a youthful work, it is considered to be one of his best sculptural pieces, reflecting his delicate sensibility and revealing some light but characteristic aspects of modernism (Catalan Art Nouveau).
In his later works, such as the female bust that is found in Barcelona's City Hall, the bust of Cervantes (1885) and the equestrian statue of the queen regent Maria Christina Hapsburg (1891) in the city's Museum of Modern Art, his style is characterized more by an emphatic and virtuous treatment, reflecting a flavor still deep-rooted in the era and which betrays the influence of his Parisian training. 
This is also evident in his architectural sculpture in Barcelona, an excellent example of which is the multi-figure relief frieze "Barcelona rep les nacions" (Barcelona Welcomes the Nations), on the front of the Arc de Triomf (1887), which compliments perfectly the more academic frieze at its rear by the young Josep Llimona (Recompense). Built as the main gate of the Universal Exhibition of 1888, its sculptures by
Reynés and Llimona (as well the subsidiary decorative details by other sculptors) provide the arc with a monumentality that the architecture of the structure itself lacks. 
Reynés also produced notable public statues representing illustrious personages, including those dedicated to El Greco and Doctor Robert in Sitges, and Roger de Llúria in Barcelona. 
In addition to his work as sculptor, for which he became renowned and received great prestige, he was also dedicated to the decoration of interiors. 
Josep Reynés died in Barcelona in 1926.

 
     
Correction of English text by Gary Nisbet    
     
Images:
 
Reynés   Vase with children   Ciutadella Park Reynés   Dr. Robert monument   Sitges Reynés   El Greco monument   Sitges Reynés   Roger de Llúria   Ll. Companys Promenade Reynés   Sculpture The Justice   Justice Palace
Vase with children Doctor Robert El Greco Roger de LLúria The Justice
   
Reynés   Barcelona welcome the nations   Triumf Arch   Barcelona
 
   
  Reynés    Barcelona welcome the nations   Triumf Arch left side  Barcelona Reynés   Barcelona welcome the nations   Triumf Arch   Barcelona Reynés   Barcelona welcome the nations righ side   Triumf Arch   Barcelona  
Frieze on the upper part of the Triumph Arch in Barcelona (1897)
Funerary sculpture  (Sitges Cemetery)
 
Reynés   A Serra Ferrer Pantheon   Sitges cemetery Reynés   A Serra Ferrer Pantheon   Sitges cemetery Reynés   M. Robert Aldufeu Pantheon   Sitges cemetery
Antoni Serra Ferrer Tomb  (1902) Main statue and General view M. Robert Aldufeu Tomb (1902)

Selected LINKS to other websites on  Josep Reynés i Gurguí

http://www.bcn.es/publicacions/Bcn_escultures/autorsFrame.html  Web of Barcelona city council, showing photos of six sculptures of Reynés in various places of the city.  

 

Specific Bibliography on Josep Reynés i Gurguí

Title Author Published by Year

 Guía del Cementerio de Montjuïc 

 Aguado, Neus

 Institut Municipal dels Serveis
 Funeraris de Barcelona

1993
 L'escultura catalana  Cirici i Pellicer   1957
 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana  Different authors  Enciclopèdia Catalana
 Enciclopèdia Salvat Català  Different authors  Edicions Salvat
 Un siglo de escultura catalana  Infiesta, José Manuel    1975
 Diccionario bibliográfico de artistas de
 Cataluña
 Ràfols, J. F.   1953
 L'escultura del segle XIX a Catalunya  Subirachs i Burgaya, Judit  Publicacions de l'Abadia de
 Montserrat
1994
 
Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors:
Eusebi ARNAU i Mascort   Miquel BLAY i Fabregues   Joan Carreres   Enric Clarasó i Daudí   Lambert Escaler i Milà   Manel FUXÀ i Leal   Pau GARGALLO i Catalán   Alfons Juyol i Bach   Josep LLIMONA i Bruguera   Agustí Querol   Josep Reynés i Gurguí   Agapit VALLMITJANA i Barbany    VenancI VALLMITJANA i Barbany
 

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