GAUDÍ AND ART NOUVEAU IN CATALONIA / Sculpture / Fuxà

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MANEL FUXÀ I LEAL   (1850-1927)

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 On Manel Fuxà i Leal:  Biography   Works: In Catalonia  Funerary_sculpture:  Out of Catalonia   Images
 Other information:  Sources, notes and references  Links   Bibliography   Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors
 

Works:

In Catalonia:
In Barcelona:
L' Escolà - The altar boy - (1870)
The death of the just one
(1876)
The sign of the cross
(1881)
Neptune
(Ciutadella Park-Waterfall 1881) 
Leda (Ciutadella Park-Waterfall 1881)
Saint Francisco of Assísi (1892)
Aribau
(Ciutadella Park 1884)
Clavé (Sant Joan Promenade 1888)
Bernat Desclot
(vanished Statue 1888) 
Rius i Taulet
(Lluís Companys Promenade) 
Fra Bernat Boïl
(Monument to Columbus - Porta de la Pau -Gate of Peace- 1888) 
Law Courts  (Passeig Ll. Companys)
   (3 relief's) :
 
  The Catalonia statutes 
   The "Consulat del Mar"
(Sea laws
   of Barcelona)
   Placement of the 1st stone of the
       Palace
   (4 of the 48 sculptures) : 
   Josep Finestres 
   Pablo de Castro
   José Moñino 
   Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

Various Works in the Monastery of Pompeia
 (Diagonal Av./Riera S. Miquel)
Estalvi - Savings - (La Caixa - Via Laietana) 
Post Office
 (Via Laietana/ P. Colom)
  (4 statues) :
  The Navy 
  The Science 
  The Telegraph 
  The Mail
 

Sant Jaume
- Saint James - (Caixa Provincial -Plaza Sant Jaume) 
Jaume I
- James the I A Catalan king - (City Hall Barcelona - Lounge of Cent)
Sant Jordi
- Saint George - (City Hall Barcelona - Lounge of Cent) 
Bust of Víctor Balaguer
(Ciutadella Park 1910) 
Bust of Manuel Milà i Fontanals 
(Ciutadella Park)
Bust of Pere Pau Muntanyà
(Parliament 1915)
Bust of Elies Rogent
(Parliament)
Bust of Marcelino Menendez Pelayo 
Bust of Pepita Teixidor i Torres 
(Ciutadella Park 1917) 
Bust of Joaquim Vayreda
(Ciutadella Park) 
Bust of Joaquim Vayreda (Parliament) 
Bust of Manuel Planas i Casals
  (Diputació - Country Council Offices) 
Bust of Jacint Verdaguer

 
(Ateneu Barcelonés - Barcelona literary Society)
Neptune (Espanya Industrial Park)
The Agriculture
(Diagonal Av./ T.C.
  Valenzuela Street)

In Sabadell:
Monument to Pere Turull
(Caixa of Sabadell - Sabadell Savings Bank)

In Vilanova i the Geltrú:
Bishop Armanyà
(Francesc Armanyà i Source - V. Balaguer Museum)

Funerary sculpture:
Albareda Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery in Barcelona) 
Batllo Batllo Tomb
(Southwest Cemetery in Barcelona 1889)   
Cazes-Clavell Tomb
 (Southwest Cemetery in Barcelona 1897 - in contribution with Reynés
Carreras Tomb
(Cemetery of Sitges) 

Out of Catalonia: 
Lope de Vega
(Façade of the National Library Madrid - Spain) 
Benito Jerónimo de Feijóo (Ourense - Galícia - Spain)
Melchor Gaspar de Jovellanos (Gijón - Spain)

Portrait of Manel Fuxà i Leal - Source: the art journal Hispania - nº 63 de 30-9-1901 [1] 

Life:
Born in Barcelona in 1850, he initially trained in the school of Llotja in Barcelona with the master Rosend Nobas, and also worked as apprentice in the studio of Joan Roig i Soler.
Fuxà subsequently studied in Paris, where he worked in the studio of Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse, seeking artistic improvement and acquiring a greater control of technique. He also spent time in Italy.
After his return to Barcelona, at the age of 26 in 1876, he was named Reader in the same school of Llotja where he initially studied, and later became its director between 1911 and 1920.
Fuxà was also appointed as the President of the Barcelona Museums Council.
His artistic output was prodigious; according to Felix Mestres i Borrell he was the most prolific sculptor of this period. He produced many public monuments in Barcelona, as well as in other cities and towns in Catalonia, including Alella, Figueres, Mataró, Reus, Sabadell, Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Vilafranca del Penedès, Vilanova i la Geltrú and Sitges, and received commissions for work in cities outwith Catalonia, such as Gijón, Madrid, Montevideo and Ourense.
He also executed funerary monuments for cemeteries in Barcelona and Sitges, portrait busts, and sculpture for buildings. Although the latter was conventional in style, it was nevertheless always of the highest artistic quality, Fuxà was perhaps an impersonal artist, but at the same time an excellent executor capable of carrying out a great quantity of assignments.
His style cannot be classified strictly within the Modernisme (Catalan Art Nouveau) idiom because his work is much more classical in feeling, following the school of the brothers Venanci and Agapit Vallmitjana, but the influences of Modernism cannot be denied - Felix Elies relates him to the Overbeck school and Pubis de Chavannes - especially in the middle and latter periods of his career.
Some of the monuments he produced were probably developed in collaboration with other artists, such as the architect Pere Falqués i Urpí - Monument to Rius i Taulet - and Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas (1848-1910), who was also a premodernista (previous to Catalan Art Nouveau) sculptor - Monuments to Aribau and Clavé.
Fuxà’s work is related to the Renaixença (a period with a strong cultural development in Catalonia) and he therefore contributed to the recovery of the Catalonian identity.
Manel Fuxà died in Barcelona in the year 1927.

 

                                                                             Fuxà: Study on a men symbolizing the work (Monument to Rius i Taulet, a Major of Barcelona) Source: Art journal Hispania nº 63 de 30-9-1901 [2]

 

Study of a man symbolizing ‘Industry’ - Monument to Rius i Taulet, a Mayor of Barcelona

 

 

   
Images:
 
Fuxà Aribau Statue Ciutadella Park Fuxà  Rius i Taulet Monument  Ll. Companys Promenade Fuxà  The bishop  (Museum V. Balaguer) Vilanova i la Geltru
Bonaventura C. Aribau
1884  Ciutadella Park
Francesc Rius i Taulet
1901 Ll. Companys Promenade
The Bishop Armanyà
Vilanova i la Geltrú 
Fuxà  Joaquim Vayreda  Ciutadella Park Fuxà  Milà i Fontanals  Ciutadella Park Fuxà  Pepita Teixidor  Ciutadella Park Fuxà  Víctor Balaguer Bust  Ciutadella Park
Joaquim Vayreda i Vila
1915 Ciutadella Park
Manel Milà i Fontanals
1908 Ciutadella Park
Pepita Teixidó
1917 Ciutadella Park
Víctor Balaguer
1910 Ciutadella Park
Funerary Sculpture:
 M. Fuxà  Sitges Cemetery  Carreras Pantheon 1907 
    Carreras Tomb
  
1907 Sitges Cemetery
Out of Catalonia:

 Fuxà: Statue of G. M. de Jovellanos in Gijón - Spain [3]
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
            Gijón - Spain
Source:
www.esculturaurbana.com

 
Correction of English text by Gary Nisbet
 

 Sources, notes and references

 [1] Revista Hispania nº 63 de 30 de September 1901 page 345
 [2] Revista Hispania nº 63 de 30 de September 1901 page 347
 [3]
www.esculturaurbana.com

 Other photos of that page from the gaudiallgaudi collection
 

Selected LINKS to other websites on Manel Fuxà i Leal

http://www.publicacions.bcn.es/Bcn_escultures/autorsFrame.html Web of the Barcelona City Council, with colored photos of seventeen sculptures of Fuxà in public spaces of Barcelona.

 

Specific Bibliography on Manel Fuxà i Leal

Title Author Published by Year

 Guía del Cementerio de Montjuïc 

 Aguado, Neus

 Institut Municipal dels Serveis
 Funeraris de Barcelona

1993
 L'escultura catalana  Cirici i Pellicer   1957
 Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana  Different authors  Enciclopèdia Catalana
 Enciclopèdia Salvat Català  Different authors  Edicions Salvat
 Un siglo de escultura catalana  Infiesta, José Manuel    1975
 Diccionario bibliográfico de artistas de
 Cataluña
 Ràfols, J. F.   1953
 L'escultura del segle XIX a Catalunya  Subirachs i Burgaya, Judit  Publicacions de l'Abadia de
 Montserrat
1994
 
Other Catalan Art Nouveau Sculptors:
Eusebi ARNAU i Mascort   Miquel BLAY i Fabregues   Joan Carreres   Enric Clarasó i Daudí   Lambert Escaler i Milà   Manel FUXÀ i Leal   Pau GARGALLO i Catalán   Alfons Juyol i Bach   Josep LLIMONA i Bruguera   Agustí Querol   Josep Reynés i Gurguí   Agapit VALLMITJANA i Barbany    VenancI VALLMITJANA i Barbany
 

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