Art Nouveau in
CALDES DE MALAVELLA
Dr. Furest, 16 Avenue House
Bell Estar House
Pla i Deniel, 15 Street House
Pla i Deniel, 16 Street House
Estapé or Rosa House
Mas i Ros House
Pla i Deniel House
Torre dels Cavalls
Walking through the Art Nouveau in
on Caldes de Malavella
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Other places with interesting Art Nouveau works
Built in the year 1900, the project is attributed to the architect
Eusebi Bona i Puig. It was reformed and considerably expanded in the
year 1912, in which also the monumental main gate was built.
Building with a ground and a first floor, one of the most characteristic
of the Caldes downtown. The façade is decorated with vegetal and
geometrical designs. The openings are flanked by flat arch pilasters in
the ground floor. The main gate, with a lowered arch, is concluded by a
pediment. The interior conserves interesting details and
It is to emphasize the conservation of the lounges and the interior
See photos in
Single plant building projected and built in the years 20 of the XX
century, by the architect Isidre Bosch i Bataller, author of various Art
Nouveau buildings (See
Brillas & Pagans Factory in Celrà)
around the city of Girona.
Although this building presents a general aspect not too much close to
Art Nouveau, it has some typical elements of
this style as the curious coat of arms of Catalonia on
the main gate and a commemorative element in a parchment carved in stone in
the angle of the two facades.
Initially built to house a school, at present it is the seat of the
Municipal Library of the town and show in its hall a magnificent great
format picture portrait of Pla i Deniel, a Caldes beneficent.
The outside of the building was recently restored and the interior is
adapted to its present functions, but without a special architectural
This building is the most important Art Nouveau
construction of the town.
Spa with thermal installations in neo-mozárabe-modernist style abroad,
begun to be build in the year 1898, according to a project of the
architect Gaietà Buigues i Monravà.
The structure of the building is configured around two axes in right
angle with a style unity, but with important differences.
The façade oriented to the south presents square towers in the extremes
and in the centre two more towers framing a central body with a big
central gate framed by a great elliptic arch, in a very typical Art
The body of the building, is covered with a roof of Arabian tiles, the
towers being crowned by pinnacles and false triangular battlements in
the extremes and balustrades and pinnacles on the two central towers.
All the openings of the ground and first floor have a shape of Moorish
In the places where there is a third plant, as the central body and
towers, the windows are slightly stepped.
In the other façade there is a covered gallery with openings also in a
Moorish arch shape, giving to the building an Arabic air.
In the east façade there is a lounge of neoclassical style, today used
as a meeting lounges.
The environment of the building is landscaped with large shadow trees
zones giving a classical and rested air.
The present condition of the building is acceptable, but the spa
activity has been transferred to a new more modern building in another
place into the ensemble. Instead of that, that buildings are only a
shadow of its former splendour. Nevertheless, they maintain a dignity to
remember its old magnificence.
This building was only a part of the ensemble designed by Buigues i
Monravà for the Spa. The ensemble of the old buildings was really
impressive. Diverse graphic testimonies of this magnificence exist that we
will try to show further on.
One-family house built at the
start of the 20th century, attributed to the Master of works (old architects
title) Josep Deulofeu i Floriach.
An evolution from a basically eclectic style, towards the
Art Nouveau is present in that house.
Some decorative neo gothic elements as the frameworks of the openings and
the balustrades of the roof, the presence of symbols like small coat of arms
with the four Catalonian bars are the base to attribute some Art Nouveau
character to the construction. Besides the balustrades, a stepped pediment
in the centre of each façade crown the ensemble.
The house requires a restoration. Being a private house, it only can be
projected by the Master of works (old architects title) Josep Deulofeu i
Floriach, attributed also to Pere Quintana i Barrera, built in the year
It is a three bodies house (the corner and two lateral symmetrical
façades) in a corner .
The ground floor recently modified, has lost some of its more
interesting decorative elements.
The first floor has a small hexagonal gallery covered by a green colour
glazed ceramics dome with ensembles of three windows with arched
balconies in each side, with central banisters of iron forged. The
windows are separated by small columns. The central body concludes with
a Catalonian roof with little balconies and small pediments alternated.
The second plant repeats the drawing of the first one except with
respect to the gallery. The windows of the lateral bodies, four to each
side and flat, are also arched.
All the openings are surrounded by artificial stone soffits of
artificial stone giving them a beautiful aspect.
This is a family
house, with a rectangular plant and surrounded by a garden, projected by Ramon Vinyals i Guitart (ground floor) in 1914 and Joan Vinyals i Solà (first
floor) in 1928. Symmetrical main facade, with main door in Arabian arch,
with alabaster columns following the style of Arabian jambs and capitals. On
the arch there is an arabesque and floral decoration in ceramics and
flanked by twins windows covered with a Moorish arch and with a mullion
(small column of caliphal Arabian style), in each of lateral extremes are other
simple windows of the same style.
In the first floor there is a central window of three openings, with two
mullions in Arabian arch and lateral windows also of Arabian style.
The house has a covered with Arabian tile to four sides with winger.
On the right side there is a turret emerging from the roof culminated with
small battlements. This turret was initially concluded by an Arabian dome.
The house is also known like Tower of the Germans, because its initial owner
was the German one Otto Streitberger.
Only the outsides have an architectural interest.
House situated in an urban environment
with other constructions of Art Noveau style.
Building with three floors, of which only two belong to the initial building
being the third a recent addition, but carried out with some elegance and
does not breaking with the original aesthetics.
The façade of an interesting asymmetry, presents in the right side a door
with an aimed arch breaking completely with the aspect of the other
rectangular openings that are decorated in their upper part with very
schematic floral motives who are the only elements that would be qualified
as Art Nouveau of the building. The solution of painting applied to the
façade highlights the showiness of these elements.
Private house, only visible externally.
Building of ends of the 19th
century - principles of the XX.
It is a construction with a ground floor, a first flat and a loft, with
The ensemble of the building presents some style variations. That different
aspects are closer to eclecticism in the two lower floors, although
the main door is of kidney-shaped flat arch and decorated with shapes of Art
The lofts and the culmination of the roof, with balustrades decorated in
brick imitating cornice spaces with other decorated elements with a more
clearly Art Nouveau aspect.
The windows with lower arches are decorated with false
On the main door there is a balcony with a trilobed plant, sustained by two
balcony sills suggesting a capital.
Round skylights in the lofts, also decorated with Art Nouveau shapes.
Only the outside can be seen.
Small house with a single
floor, built at the beginning of the 20th century.
The house has a totally symmetrical facade, with three openings separated by
false columns culminating in pinnacles decorated with relief floral motives.
The door in the centre and two windows with small balustrades in each side,
are concluded by small decorated cornices. Over the big openings we find the
small ventilation openings of the false ceiling finishing in the coronation
with small triangular pediments culminating in pinnacles. These decorations
are not the original ones existing before the restoration.
The house is certainly quite original and has been recently restored.
Only the outside can be
House among party walls
with three floors with openings of lower arches, built at the beginning of
the 20th century.
In the ground floor there is a door culminated in a lightly decorated arch,
a simple arch window and in the centre a skylight looking as a small window.
On the second floor an iron forged balcony sustained by three stepped
corbels. The two openings of this level are decorated with wreaths.
In the upper floor an elegant gallery of five arches separated by small
columns and protected by a winger.
The house is well conserved.
Because this is a private
owned house it only can be visited outside.
This house built at the start
of the 20th century has two well differentiated bodies, one closer to
eclecticism style (the first plan of the upper photography) and another
in a clearly Art Nouveau style (second photography).
This part of the building has a door with a typical Art Nouveau shape in
ace of picks. The remainder of the construction, as all the elements of
the first floor and the crown with false stepped battlements, also
show a strong Art Nouveau influence.
The decoration is completed with ceramic elements and an iron forged
banister in the geminate window of the first floor.
The other building body closer to
eclecticism, presents nevertheless, a rich ceramics decoration, especially
in the frameworks of the windows of the first floor specially in the cornice
and the false battlements of the tower over the roof what also approaches
the Art Nouveau aesthetics.
Inside of the building various
municipal dependences as in the ground floor a country home of elders with a
room in which the picture of Antoni Utrillo "The baths"
(great format painting, allegoric of a thermal Roman bath) is exposed. In the upper
plant and among others dependences with diverse functions the
Sessions room of the City Hall is found.
All these municipal dependences are
open and can be visited.
House located in the town
centre, surrounded by a leafy garden and built at the beginning of the 20th
century, with a marked neomozàrabe-art nouveau
character, following the flavour of that period.
It presents various bodies of building and has two floors with a rich
external decoration and abundant utilization of the ceramics.
The openings present the typical drawing of the Arab architecture, with
decorated Moorish arches surrounded by geometric motives decorated ceramics
with predominance of the blue colour.
The capstone varies according to the body of building between the Arabian
roof and the tower with false stepped battlements.
The house is in acceptable condition. Sadly the high walls of the closing
wall and the trees of the garden limit the vision of the house from outside.
The house has an indisputable personality.
typical Art Nouveau style with façade in angle
to two streets.
In the angle of the two façades, we find in the upper floor a small
hexagonal gallery with stepped windows culminated in false battlements
also stepped combining its drawing with the decoration that crown a
triangular pediment of Nordic style resolved with notable elegance.
The two balconies of the upper floor, have iron forged banisters, as
well as the lower part of the windows of the ground floor.
The door, in a very simple Art Nouveau drawing, combines with the
decoration of the windows of the same level.
Only the outside can be seen.
house among party walls with a neo gothic façade, very common in Catalan
The façade presents a notable asymmetry with the largest openings situated
to the right. In the ground floor it is the door and a geminate window with
lancet arches in brick.
In the second floor, two stone windows, with different arches.
On the third floor, the stone windows are smaller. A traditional winger
traditional crown the façade.
The house is in good structural condition, but a restoration would be
outside can be visited.
house of two floors in a corner, with Art Nouveau
In the ground floor the square openings have on top lower arches as a
decorative element. Exteriorly, the upper floor is separated from the
lower one by a cornice.
The coronation of the building is done with arches, higher the centre
one in a side and by arches with a triangular pediment in the façade to
the other street.
Not interesting interior, only the outside can be seen.
The main building is a big
house with a square plant in neoclassical style dating from the 19th
century. This it is not therefore the building we are interested in.
The interesting buildings because its style, is an ensemble of small
constructions annexes situated behind the main house facing the Mare of
Déu del Carme street.
This ensemble was projected as the main house dependences (garage, store
and zone of services). In fact it are three semidetached bodies.
first one is a building with a ground floor and a first floor and a rectangular plant,
surrounded by a stone base, with a gate of garage in arch
concluded with brick breaks upper water and a geminate window
on the first floor, framed with brick in flat arch. On the lateral
facades there are three windows by floor, framed in brick forming a
triangular arch. Those of the upper plant are equal to the geminate one
of the low plant. The cover is to four sides.
The second building is
a long gallery with only a ground floor covered by a Catalan terrace, with five openings in each façade (three
big and two
small alternated windows) framed in brick and a powerful cornice crowned by
the banister of the terrace.
At the end of this second building, it is a small
tower with the same characteristics of the ensemble, concluded with a banister and a
Besides, there is an interesting bower inside the great garden of the
property. This bower of quadrangular plant and of cover to four sides, has
an outstanding body of cover with lateral sides, partitions of briar and
a great half point arch, the ensemble being sustained by a
All the buildings presents elements of Art Nouveau
style as the forms of windows, the coronation and especially the tower
that recalls another one built by Puig i Cadafalch
in the Factory Casaramona in Lleida street of Barcelona.
Only the outside of
the ensemble can be seen.
This house, built in the year 1949
homonymous of that of Barcelona (projected by Puig i
Cadafalch), has nothing to do with that, so much by its appearance, as
evidently by its size. This is the last building Art
Nouveau style built in Caldes de Malavella.
This is a very small one-family house, but of spectacular totally
symmetrical exterior decoration.
The half point arches of door and windows and in the crown small columns
crowned by pinnacles.
It is a typical construction of the very last Art Nouveau period, built to
be rented to the holidaymakers.
The present condition of the building is good. Only the outside can be seen.
house surrounded by a garden with a ground floor and an attic, built in the
year 1925 and recently restored.
The openings of the ground floor are rectangular, with a water breakers in
conopial arch, except the main door trilobulada with a smaller window to
each side, while the attic presents a twin vaulted niche in the centre and
groups of three windows in arch of half a point in the lateral.
The back façade of the building has a small shelter.
Because this is a private house, only the outside can be seen.
We thanks the help of Josep
Mª Casas (Cultural technician of Caldes de Malavella Town Hall) and of Josep Badia
to develop that page.