La vaca cega
minves del gener
VISIONS I CANTS (1900)
de la tempestat
El cant de la senyera
El comte Arnau
Els tres cants de la guerra
Oda a Espanya
fi d'en Serrallonga
El comte Arnau
La fageda d'en Jordà
Oda nova a Barcelona
de les vistes al mar
La patria Nueva
La ciutat del
L'església cremada (1909)
El mal caçador
Elogi de la paraula (1903)
Elogi de la poesia (1909)
Born in Barcelona the 10 October
1860, being the fourth son and the sole boy of a rich family involved in
When he finished the higher secondary studies, and against the decision of
his father, he refused to work into the familial factory.
The essential work of Maragall is write in Catalan language, but he also
write in Castilian.
In 1881 he win the Natural Flower in the Jocs Florals (Floral Games are in
Catalonia and in Provence, literary games) of Badalona with a poesy titled
"Dins sa cambra" (Into her room).
The year 1884 he receive his degree in Law, starting since that time a
crisis between his literary vacation and the familiar pressure to live in
a more conventional life following the burgess principles.
The year 1891 he marries Clara Noble, with who he had 13
Since 1892, Maragall develop a big activity as a promoter of the new
modernity currents. This is shown in his collaboration with the leader
cultural magazines of Modernisme (Art Nouveau)
l'Avenç, Catalonia and Luz -, and also in journals as "Diario de Barcelona"
(Barcelona journal) and "La veu de Catalunya" (The voice of
Catalonia). He also take part in other Floral games, in the Modernist
Fests organized by Rusiñol in Sitges
and in various prestigious literary circles as the Ateneu Barcelonès
(Cultural center of Barcelona) of who he was the president.
The year 1894 he presents to the Jocs Florals of Barcelona the poem "La
sardana" (wich is the national Catalan dance) wining the price of
l'Englantina. In "Poesies",
he published the next year, it is possible to see his decadent tendency,
also present on the poems he prepare for the Modernist Fests of Sitges he
later overcame partially influenced by the vitality of Nietzche works.
In 1904, he present again a poesy "Glosa" (Gloss) to the Jocs Florals
of Barcelona, being proclaimed Mestre en Gai Saber (Master in the art of
troubadours), wining also the Flor Natural (the Natural Flower).
The pressure of the nascent Noucentisme (the cultural movement following
the Art Nouveau in Catalonia), with the leadership of Eugeni d'Ors, force
Maragall to an in deep reflection ended with a return to a most combative
position following his first writings. Nevertheless he also develop a self-criticism
rewriting he's work for child "Tria" (Election) previously critiqued
by Ors, and improving it to achieve the rectification of Ors.
Maragall was identified with a catholic traditionalism, following the
ideas of la "Lliga Regionalista de Catalunya" (a strong Catalan
national party at that time), but he never accepted to be an active
politician refusing the offers of Enric Prat de la Riba and Francesc Cambò
to be presented in the elections of the Parliament. This conservative
tendency, also present in his writings, is the reason to classify him into
a group of modernist writers - Víctor
Català, Prudenci Bertrana, Puig i Ferrater - placing his characters
into traditional and rural atmospheres.
The year 1906 he was very active in the "Congrés de la Llengua Catalana"
(Catalan Language Congress) and later he was a founder of the "Secció Filològica de
l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans" (Philological Section of the Catalan
Studies Institute - The Catalan language Academy).
After the "Setmana Tràgica" (Tragic week - revolutionary period
in Barcelona in 1909), he developed a criticism against the Catalan burgesses,
due to the responsibility they had - in his mind - in that facts. This
position is clearly exposed in his last work "Seqüencies"
In the year 1910 he wined the Fastenrath price in the Jocs Florals of Barcelona
(Over there). In 1911, the last year of his life, he published the
mentioned "Seqüencies" in which he show a vital exaltation,
coming back to a heterodox positions softened in previous writings. In
this work he include the "Cant espiritual" (The spiritual song).
His work as translator to the Catalan language is very important. He
translated Greek writers as Homer and Pindar, German writers as Goethe, Novalis, Nietzche,
Schiller, Reinick and Wagner and French writers as Daudet and Lamartine.
Joan Maragall died in Barcelona the 20 de December of 1911.