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ALEXANDRE DE RIQUER I YNGLADA   (1856-1920)
Other pursuits

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• On Alexandre de Riquer:  Biography   Works:  Posters   Decoration   Bookplates   Literature   Painting   Other pursuits
• Sources and additional information:  Bibliography   Links  
Books on Art Nouveau   Catalan Art Nouveau artists and craftsmen

• Other activities of Alexandre de Riquer:  Drawing  Industrial textile design  Illustrations and printed matters  Playing cards  Magazine and book illustrations and covers  Work in wood  Flags and tapestries  Jewelry  Wrought iron and stained glass  List of works
 Alexandre de Riquer: Virgin Mary with the child Jesus and Guifré el Pilós with the Catalonian four bars. *
     An allegoric draw by Riquer

Other pursuits:

Drawing List of works
-Caplletra A (per "Maria" de J. Isaacs - 1883) - Initial letter A (for "Maria" of J. Isaacs) - (1883)
-El camí de la muntanya (per a "Maria" de J. Isaacs) - The mountain path (for "Maria of J.Isaacs) - (1883)
-Caplletra Q - Initial letter Q - (1889)
-Bosc - Wood - (1892)
-Gerro per realitzar en majòlica - Vase to be manufactured in ceramics - (1892)
-La casa pairal de Bassols - El conillet -The Bassols house - (1894)
-Petita historia trista - Little sad history - (1896)
-Orla amb motius florals i animals - Border with floral and animal themes - (1895)
-Motius florals (4) (per "Crisantemes" - Floral themes ($) (for "Crisantemes") -  1897/98)
-Paisatge nocturn amb lluna (per a "Crisantemes") - Nocturne landscape with moon (for Crisantemes)
-"La il·lustració llevantina" (1900)
-Projecte per al Institut Industrial de Terrassa - Project for the Terrassa Industrial Institute - (1901)
-Editorial brand of the review l'Avenç -  (1902)
-Segell per a l'Exposició d'Art antic (1902)
-Estudi d’ocells - Birds study - (1903)
-Esbossos - Sketches - (1905)
-Josefina de Riquer i Ynglada (1909)
-Auto caricature: "Finis grazias voviscu"
-Casa Garcia Viver (Poster sketch)
-Clar de bosc - Clearing -
-Detall d’un arbre - Detail of a tree -
-Dibuixos per estampació tèxtil - Drawings for textile industrial printing -
-Dues nimfes -Two Nymphs -
-Flors - Flowers -
-La sembradora - The sow woman -
-La vida a Bassols - The life at Bassols -
-La violinista - The violinist -
-Maternitat Maternity -
-Original per al segell de "Solidaritat Catalana" - Original sketch for the seal of "Solidaritat Catalana" -
-Santa Maria - The virgin Mary -
-Set vinyetes amb sol ocell i caragol - Seven vignettes with sun. bird and snail -
-Tres dones - Three women -
-Tres esbossos per peces de joier - Three sketches for jeweller pieces -
-Verge amb nen i Guifré el Pilós - Virgin Mary with the child Jesus and Guifré el Pilós with the Catalonian four bars.
-Vetllades musicals selectes Perelló i Cia. - Musical soirées Perelló i Cia. -
-"Vita sine literis morts est"

Standards List of works: 
-Standard of "Unió catalanista" (Museu de Montserrat)
-Standard of l'Orfeó Català (Orfeó Català)
-Standard of Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc (Centre Artístic de Sant Lluc)
*

Engravings List of works:
-Figures femenines - Female figures - (MNAC)
-Dona asseguda al costat de l’aigua - Woman seated close to the water - (MNAC)
-Dona amb ocell - Woman with bird - (MNAC)
-Dona amb rosa - Woman with rose -
-Processó de Setmana Santa  - Easter procession - (MNAC)
-Figura amb mantó - Figure with shawl - (MNAC)
-"Maja" amb guitarra - "Maja" with guitar -(MNAC)
-Preparació d'ex-libris - Ex-libris sketch .
-Poema - Poem -
-Diploma pel Primer Concurs d'Arts Industrials i Manifestació Artística - Diploma for the first Industrial Art Competition and Artistic Demonstration -

Illustrations List of works:
-Yearbook annual of "La Il·lustració Catalana"
(1880)
-Portraits of dignitaries of "Jocs Florals" (1880)
-"Arte y Letras" Ink drawings (1882-1883)
-"Maria" de J. Isaacs (1882)
-"Los estudiants de Tolosa" (1886)
-"Para ellas" by Sánchez de Cantos Escobar (1896)
-"Rinconete y Cortadillo" by M. de Cervantes (1896)
-"Antología Americana" (1897)
-"El Ídolo" by E. García Ladevese (1897)
-"La ciencia Moderna" byJulio Broutá (1897)
-"La perfecta casada" by Fray Luís de León (1898)

-"Crisantemes" (1899)

Printed matters Types:
-Dance cards
-Catalogues of expositions
-Invoices and commercial letters
-Greetings cards
-Invitations
-Commercial brands and labels
-Menus
-Artistic Postcards
-Programmes
-In memoriam and first communion cards
-Visit cards
-Financial titles, shares

Jewelry Some works
-Messalina (enamel, metal and precious stones of 6 cm. diam.)
-Alliance coup (for Masriera house 1902)

Playing cards Drawings
-Pack of 48 Spanish cards for Guarro cny.
-Other drawings for the companies Guarro and Comas

Tapestries List of works
-La caça  (The hunting)
-La pesca  (The fishing)

Drawing was one of Riquer’s greatest talents and formed the basis of all of his artistic creations. His immense contribution to this field is dominated by the Art Nouveau aesthetic.
The list to the left (
Drawing: List of works) contains some of his most representative works.
Aside from drawing, we consider other of Riquer’s specialties, such as
illustration, engravings, textile design stamping, playing cards designed for the Guarro and Comas companies, book covers and illustr

 

 

Alexandre de Riquer: Draw "Vita sine literis mors est" Alexandre de Riquer: Draw "The sow woman"
Vita sine literis morts est
 
La sembradora (The sow woman)
 
Alexandre de Riquer: Draw "Birds study" Alexandre de Riquer: Draw "Maternity"
Birds study
 
Maternity
 
Riquer: Partial drawing of the V. García de Paredes Ex-libris Riquer: Poster sketch for the company Garcia Viver
Partial drawing of the V. García de Paredes Ex-libris
 
Poster sketch for the company Garcia Viver
 
Riquer: Drawing dedicated to Apel·les Mestres Riquer: Drawing "The life at Bassols"
Drawing dedicated to Apel·les Mestres
 
The life at Bassols
 

Industrial textile design stamping:
The Museum of Printing in Premià de Mar (Maresme) has discovered seven textile stamping designs by Riquer. These designs come from the Ponsa Hermanos factory, which would seem to confirm that Riquer also worked for industry. Artistically, two strains appear: one naturalist and the other completely modernist, in which Riquer reveals himself at his most modern and most connected to international artistic movements. The third design (below) is the most spectacular and surprising; it reveals an abstract instinct not then current in Art Nouveau, except in the works of Gaudí and Jujol.
 

  Riquer: Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar, n.r. 12.408 and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega. Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar, n.r. 12.447 and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega. Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar, n.r. 12.476 and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega. Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar,  and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega.
  Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar, n.r. 12.425, and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega. Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega. Riquer:  Textile printing industrial project for Sedera Franco-Española or Ponsa Hermanos, ca. 1900-1915. From: Museu de l'Estampació de Premià de Mar, and article of Revista Datatèxtil nº 9 author J. Casamartina, photographer Quico Ortega.

**


Playing cards: Riquer designed a plethora of packs of playing cards for various companies, such as Guarro, Comas, and others.
Many examples are now on display in the Fournier Company Museum in Vitoria-Gasteiz.

 

  Alexandre de Riquer: Playing card "Gold ace" (one of the suits in the Spanish card deck, represented by gold coins) for the Guarro Co. Alexandre de Riquer: Playing card "Goblet ace" (one of the suits in Spanish card deck, represented by a goblet) for the Guarro Co. Alexandre de Riquer: Playing card "Ace of clubs" for the Guarro Co. Alexandre de Riquer: Playing card "Cavall d'Ors" (equivalent to queen in the Spanish pack of cards) for the Guarro Co.  
Playing cards of a Spanish pack for the company Guarro
 

Magazine and book illustrations and covers:
According to Alexandre Cirici i Pellicer, Riquer considered illustrated books one of the jewels of the Art Nouveau era - whether he also wrote them himself or merely illustrated other author's works.
Riquer, like all the great Art Nouveau artists, did not consider illustrations to be simple graphic representations of text, but rather to be profound fusions of text and image that intensified the expression and suggestive nature of idea and thought.

 

Riquer: Binding for the review "Joventut"
 
Riquer: Drawing for the title page of "Revista Ibérica de Ex-Libris"
 
Riquer: Drawing of the title page of the review "La Ilustració Llevantina"
 
Riquer: Title page for a compendium of "Cançons Catalanes" (Catalan songs)
 
Riquer: Title page for the review "Hojas Selectas" (Selected pages)
 
Riquer: Title page for the Opera "La Fada" (The fairy)
 
Riquer: Title page for "Ilustración Artística" and the novel "Rinconete y Cortadillo" by Cervantes
 
Riquer: Title page for "Ilustración Artística"
 
Riquer: Title page for "El Ídolo" (The idol)
 
Riquer: Title page for "Anyoranses" (Yearnings)
 
Riquer: Title page for "Aplech de Sonets" (Sonnets compilation)
 
Riquer: Title page for "Crisantemes" (Chrysanthemums)
 
Riquer: Drawing for "Crisantemes" (Chrysantemums)
 
Riquer: Title page for "Quan jo era noy" (When i was a boy)
 
Riquer: Title page of "Poesies de F. Casas y Amigó"
 
Riquer: Title page of "Los estudiants de Tolosa" (The students of Tolosa)
 
Riquer: Title page for the review "Los quatre gats" (The four cats)
 
Riquer: Illustration for the review "Hispania"
 
Illustrations for the title pages and other pages of various publications
 
Alexandre de Riquer: A title page of the art review "Luz" (Light)
 
Alexandre de Riquer: A title page of the art review "Luz" (Light)
 
Alexandre de Riquer: A title page of the art review "Luz" (Light)
 
Three title pages of the art review "Luz"

Work in wood:
Alexandre de Riquer also achieved enormous prestige with his artistic wood creations. Though he realized only a limited number of these projects, they were of a high technical and artistic quality.
In 1892, he founded a carpentry and decoration studio with his cousin, Manel de Riquer, on carrer Pau Claris, 38 in Barcelona.
Two years later, after a trip to London where he became acquainted with modern English decorative arts (the Arts and Crafts Movement), he fell under the influence of the pre-Raphaelites.
He then moved to carrer Freneria, where he established a house-workshop that operated until 1917. At this workshop, he trained several future decorative arts professionals, often without any monetary compensation.

Riquer: A door in the Cercle del Liceu Riquer: A door in the Cercle del Liceu Riquer: A door in the Grau Ynglada Pharmacy
Some examples of works in wood by Alexandre de Riquer

Flags and tapestries:
Another of Alexandre de Riquer’s many artistic pursuits was the design of flags, then much en vogue in Catalonia, when they were then (and are still even today) symbols of organizations such as political parties, music societies, cultural institutions, literary circles, and so forth. Within the field of textile decoration, Riquer also developed an active interest in tapestries.

Riquer: Tapestry "La pesca"  (The fishing)

Riquer: Tapestry  "La caça" (The hunting)

Riquer: Standard of the "Cercle artístic de Sant Lluc"

Tapestry: The fishing Tapestry: The hunting Standard *

Riquer: Alliance coup (1902) for Casa Masriera

Riquer: Jewellery "Messalina"

Jewelry: Riquer also dedicated himself to jewelry, designing pieces for the Masriera brothers and other jewelers in Barcelona and producing a number of high-quality works prized not only for the materials used, but also for their exquisite design. Among them are the Messalina medallion (left) and a chalice (right).



Riquer: Stained glass "Poesia" (Poetry, in the Cercle del Liceu - Barcelona -)Wrought iron: There is no evidence that Riquer actually produced wrought iron pieces, but it is certain that he was an avid collector, particularly of objects from rural life.

Stained glass: At left is the window Riquer designed for the Cercle del Liceu, entitled “Poetry”.
He also had an important collection of antique glass works that is now on display at the
Cau Ferrat Museum in Sitges.

 
   
- Images with * published under the authorization of Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc.
- Images with ** published under authorization of "Museu de l’Estampació de Premià de Mar" (for the originals) and "Centre de Documentació i Museu Tèxtil de Terrassa" (for the photographs). b
- Translation to English by Catherine Phillips Crowe

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